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Proteomics relying on two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis of proteins followed by spot identification with mass spectrometry is an excellent experimental tool for physiological studies opening a new perspective for understanding overall cell physiology. This is the intriguing outcome of a method introduced by Klose and O'Farrell independently 25 years(More)
Cells of the non-diazotrophic cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942 acclimate to nitrogen deprivation by differentiating into non-pigmented resting cells, which are able to survive prolonged periods of starvation. In this study, the physiological properties of the long-term nitrogen-starved cells are investigated in an attempt to elucidate the(More)
Bacteria respond to a decrease in temperature with the induction of proteins that are classified as cold-induced proteins (CIPs). Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, we analyzed the cold shock response in Bacillus subtilis. After a shift from 37 to 15 degrees C the synthesis of a majority of proteins was repressed; in contrast, 37 proteins were(More)
High-affinity progesterone-binding sites have been identified, characterized in and purified from porcine liver membranes. They were functionally solubilized by the non-denaturing zwitterionic detergent 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonic acid (Chaps, 20 mM. detergent/protein mass ratio 4:1) at a yield of 75-80%. Using [3H]progesterone(More)
SigmaB-dependent general stress proteins (Gsps) of Bacillus subtilis are essential for the development of glucose-starvation-induced cross-resistance to oxidative challenge. However, the proteins directly involved in this nonspecific resistance to oxidative stress have to be identified. We found that one prominent Gsp displayed strong sequence similarity to(More)
The cellular response of Escherichia coli to overproduction of the insoluble heterologous protein alpha-glucosidase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during a glucose-limited fed-batch fermentation was analyzed on the transcriptional and the translational levels. After the induction of the tac-regulated overexpression of the recombinant model protein, a(More)
Staphylococcus aureus synthesizes a large number of extracellular proteins that have been postulated to play a role in bacterial virulence. The proteomic approach was used to analyse the pattern of extracellular proteins of two different S. aureus strains, RN6390 and COL. Thirty-nine protein spots were identified by N-terminal sequencing or MALDI-TOF-MS.(More)
The L1 adhesion molecule regulates axon growth and is mutated in the X-linked mental retardation syndrome CRASH (acronym for corpus callosum agenesis, retardation, aphasia, spastic paraplegia, hydrocephalus). A novel role for L1 as a potentiator of neuronal cell migration to extracellular matrix proteins through beta1 integrins and intracellular signaling(More)
HPr, the histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein of the bacterial phosphotransferase system (PTS) controls sugar uptake and carbon utilization in low-GC Gram-positive bacteria and in Gram-negative bacteria. We have purified HPr from Streptomyces coelicolor cell extracts. The N-terminal sequence matched the product of an S. coelicolor orf, designated(More)
Mutations in leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) have been causally linked to neuronal cell death in Parkinson's disease. LRRK2 expression has also been detected in B lymphocytes and macrophages, suggesting a role in immune responses. In the present study, we demonstrate that LRRK2 is expressed in primary microglial cells isolated from brains of adult(More)