R. Schlichtig

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Increased intestinal mucosal PCO2 is used to detect the condition of inadequate O2 delivery, i.e., "dysoxia." However, mucosal PCO2 (PmCO2) can arise from oxidative phosphorylation, in which case it would detect metabolism that persists as blood stagnates, and/or from HCO3- neutralization by anaerobically produced metabolic acid, in which event it could(More)
OBJECTIVES Renal and respiratory acid-base regulation systems interact with each other, one compensating (partially) for a primary defect of the other. Most investigators striving to typify compensations for abnormal acid-base balance have reported their findings in terms of arterial pH, PaCO2, and/or HCO3-. However, pH and HCO3- are both altered by both(More)
Si1 ce the time of Mackim and Macklin’s’ early investigation of malignant interstitial emphysema in spontaneously breathing patients, the setting in which barotrauma occurs has changed. With the advent of mechanical ventilation in respiratory support, barotrauma has become a well recognized and feared complication. Barotrauma as an immediate cause of death(More)
Hepatic O2 consumption (VO2) remains relatively constant (O2 supply independent) as O2 delivery (DO2) progressively decreases, until a critical DO2 (DO2c) is reached below which hepatic VO2 also decreases (O2 supply dependence). Whether this decrease in VO2 represents an adaptive reduction in O2 demand or a manifestation of tissue dysoxia, i.e., O2 supply(More)
O2 consumption (VO2) of anesthetized whole mammals is independent of O2 delivery (DO2) until DO2 declines to a critical value (DO2c). Below this value, VO2 becomes O2 supply dependent. We assessed the influence of whole body DO2 redistribution among organs with respect to the commencement of O2 supply dependency. We measured DO2, VO2, and DO2c of whole(More)
A 64-year-old man with severe COPD developed refractory nonperfusing sinus rhythm after intubation and positive-pressure ventilation. Fifteen minutes after resuscitative efforts were halted, the patient was noted to have spontaneous respirations and blood pressure, suggesting that dynamic hyperinflation was responsible for the observed electromechanical(More)
Gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) is often calculated by the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation, using arterial plasma [HCO3-]ap and PCO2 measured in saline obtained from a silastic balloon tonometer after equilibration in the lumen of the stomach. A pHi value less than approximately 7.3 pH units is often taken as evidence of intestinal ischemia. An alternative(More)
Blood [base excess] ([BE]) is defined as the change in [strong acid] or [strong base] needed to restore pH to normal at normal PCO2. Some believe that [BE] is unhelpful because [BE] may be elevated with a "normal" [strong ion difference] ([SID]), where a strong ion is one that is always dissociated in physiological solution, and where [SID] = [strong(More)
The potential to be successfully resuscitation from severe traumatic hemorrhagic shock is not only limited by the "golden 1 hr", but also by the "brass (or platinum) 10 mins" for combat casualties and civilian trauma victims with traumatic exsanguination. One research challenge is to determine how best to prevent cardiac arrest during severe hemorrhage,(More)
Both the period of total circulatory arrest to the brain and postischemic-anoxic encephalopathy (cerebral postresuscitation syndrome or disease), after normothermic cardiac arrests of between 5 and 20 mins (no-flow), contribute to complex physiologic and chemical derangements. The best documented derangements include the delayed protracted inhomogeneous(More)