R. Sauerborn

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The environmental presence of chemosensitizers or inhibitors of the multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) defense system in aquatic organisms could cause increase in intracellular accumulation and toxic effects of other xenobiotics normally effluxed by MXR transport proteins (P-glycoprotein (P-gps), MRPs). MXR inhibition with concomitant detrimental effects has(More)
Previous investigations directed to the determination of the P-glycoprotein (Pgp) expression in aquatic organisms have indicated the possibility of the multixenobiotic resistance mechanism (MXR) induction as a response to organic pollution. However, in numerous cases no significant and/or no clear relationship between Pgp contents and pollution level was(More)
Multixenobiotic resistance mechanism (MXR) in aquatic organisms is mediated by the activity of the P-glycoprotein (Pgp) transporter that binds and actively effluxes different chemicals out of cell. In addition to the Pgp, several other, non-Pgp transport proteins have been recently identified in different human and animal tissues. Given their(More)
The multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) mechanism, mediated by activity of the transmembrane P-glycoprotein, represents a basic biological defence system in aquatic organisms. Here we investigate the MXR transport activity in an aquatic vertebrate, the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). We measured the accumulation rate of a model MXR substrate, the fluorescent(More)
The presence and function of the P-glycoprotein mediated multixenobiotic resistance (MXR) mechanism was demonstrated in numerous aquatic organisms. The aim of this study was to investigate whether in aquatic organisms exists the inherent, species-specific basal level of MXR activity. Here the results of the direct comparison of the basal (noninduced) level(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic diseases have emerged as a serious threat for health, as well as for global development. They endenger considerably increased health care costs and diminish the productivity of the adult population group and, therefore, create a burden on health, as well as on the global economy. As the management of chronic diseases involves long-term(More)
It has been postulated that mouse epidermis contains two populations of resting cells, one of which is blocked at the G1-S boundary and the other between G2 and mitosis. The 'arrested G2 cells' were estimated, by the labelled mitosis method, to comprise 5-10% of the epidermal population and presumed to function as a 'reserve pool' which could be activated(More)
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