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Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most frequent type of variation in the human genome, and they provide powerful tools for a variety of medical genetic studies. In a large-scale survey for SNPs, 2.3 megabases of human genomic DNA was examined by a combination of gel-based sequencing and high-density variation-detection DNA chips. A total of(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms, as well as small insertions and deletions (here referred to collectively as simple nucleotide polymorphisms, or SNPs), comprise the largest set of sequence variants in most organisms. Positional cloning based on SNPs may accelerate the identification of human disease traits and a range of biologically informative mutations.(More)
The availability of the complete sequence of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome (F. Kunst et al., Nature 390:249-256, 1997) makes possible the construction of genome-wide DNA arrays and the study of this organism on a global scale. Because we have a long-standing interest in the effects of scoC on late-stage developmental phenomena as they relate to aprE(More)
Transcription directed into a Saccharomyces cerevisiae autonomously replicating sequence (ARS) causes high-frequency loss of minichromosomes. Conditionally stable artificial yeast chromosomes were constructed that contain an inducible GAL promoter upstream of ARS1. Under growth conditions in which the promoter was inactive, these chromosomes were(More)
A highly reliable and efficient technology has been developed for high-throughput DNA polymorphism screening and large-scale genotyping. Photolithographic synthesis has been used to generate miniaturized, high-density oligonucleotide arrays. Dedicated instrumentation and software have been developed for array hybridization, fluorescent detection, and data(More)
With the sequencing of the first complete eukaryotic chromosome, III of yeast (YCIII) of length 315 kb, several types of questions concerning chromosomal organization and the heterogeneity of eukaryotic DNA sequences can be approached. We have undertaken extensive analysis of YCIII with the goals of: (1) discerning patterns and anomalies in the occurrences(More)
Using a combined quantitative proteomic and bioinformatic approach, we monitored the cytoplasmic proteome profile of the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis during a fermentation process in complex medium. Proteome signatures were applied to elucidate the physiological changes occurring in the gene expression profile during growth. Furthermore, we(More)
We have developed a high-density DNA probe array and accompanying biochemical and informatic methods to order clones from genomic libraries. This approach involves a series of enzymatic steps for capturing a set of short dispersed sequence markers scattered throughout a high-molecular-weight DNA. By this process, all the ambiguous sequences lying adjacent(More)
In general, synthetic RNA transcripts corresponding to the 3' ends of Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes appear to be accurately cleaved and polyadenylated in vitro under appropriate conditions in yeast cell extracts. Initially, however, the endpoints observed in vitro for the GAL7 gene failed to correlate adequately with those reported in vivo as derived from(More)
The recently published sequence of yeast chromosome III (YCIII) provides the longest continuous stretch of a eukaryotic DNA molecule sequenced to date (315 kb). The sequence contains 116 distinct AUG-initiated open reading frames of at least 200 codons in length, more than 50 of which had not been described previously nor bear significant similarity to(More)
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