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BACKGROUND Cancer treatment may affect school performance. Scholastic achievements after childhood brain tumors have not been previously reported on the level of actual grades. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with brain tumor (n = 300) were identified from the Finnish Cancer Registry. Population controls (n = 1,473) were matched for age, gender, and place(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence of meningiomatosis and schwannomatosis, and their familial occurrences and relation to type 2 neurofibromatosis (NF2) in a well-defined population. METHODS Patients with histologically verified intracranial, spinal, or peripheral schwannomas or meningiomas, who were residents of the Helsinki University Hospital(More)
BACKGROUND Immunosuppression and Merkel-cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) infection may have a role in the pathogenesis of Merkel-cell carcinoma (MCC), a rare neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. METHODS We studied incidence of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and MCC from the files of the Finnish Cancer Registry and the largest hospital of Finland, Helsinki(More)
Cancer incidence was studied among 3072 first-degree relatives of 559 unselected ovarian cancer patients. Among cohort members there were 306 cancer cases. The overall cancer incidence was not increased: the standardised incidence ratio (SIR) in males was 0.9 (95% confidence interval 0.8-1.1) and in females 1.0 (0.8-1.1). The female relatives had a(More)
Between 1953 and 1980, a total of 935 patients underwent surgery for intracranial meningioma in the Department of Neurosurgery of the Helsinki University Hospital. The patients were followed up until death or the end of the year 1987. The cumulative observed survival rate was 91% at 3 months, 89% at 1 year, and 63% at 15 years. The relative survival rate,(More)
The high incidence of gliomas in Li-Fraumeni families and the high frequency of somatic p53 mutations in sporadic glial tumors have raised the possibility that germline p53 mutations could play an important role in familial aggregation of gliomas. In the present study, 18 families with two or more gliomas were screened for germline p53 mutation. The(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies of the families of patients with ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), a recessive genetic neurologic disorder caused by mutation of the ATM gene, suggest that heterozygous carriers of an ATM mutation are at increased risk of cancer. A population-based study of cancer incidence in A-T families with unbiased selection and tracing of(More)
INTRODUCTION Data on the survival of all incident cases collected by population-based cancer registries make it possible to evaluate the overall performance of diagnostic and therapeutic actions on cancer in those populations. EUROCARE-3 is the third round of the EUROCARE project, the largest cancer registry population based collaborative study on survival(More)
BACKGROUND In some rare inherited disorders such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, relatives of children with cancer are at increased risk of cancer. We aimed to assess relations between childhood cancer and sibling risk, and evaluate the influence of recessive conditions in cancer causation. METHODS We did a population-based cohort study in the Nordic countries(More)
BACKGROUND The reported incidence rates of vestibular schwannomas (VS) vary substantially, but it is unclear as to what extent the variation reflects differences in risk or recording practices. Our aim was to describe the incidence rates of VS in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden between 1987 and 2007. METHODS Comprehensive data were available from all(More)