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Prostaglandin H (PGH) synthase (EC is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, thromboxane, and prostacyclin. In cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells, interleukin 1 (IL-1) is known to induce the synthesis of this enzyme, thereby raising the level of PGH synthase protein severalfold over the basal level. Pretreatment with(More)
3-Hydroxypropylmercapturic acid [3-OHPrMCA, S-(3-hydroxypropyl)-N-acetyl-L-cysteine] was quantitatively measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in the urine of rats given allylamine.HCl (5, 25, 50, 100 and 150 mg kg-1), acrolein (13 mg kg-1), allylalcohol (64 mg kg-1), allylchloride (76 mg kg-1), allylbromide (120 mg kg-1), allylcyanide(More)
To elucidate the differentiation-associated expression of enzymes catalyzing arachidonic acid metabolism, we measured arachidonate metabolites by reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography in monocytoid leukemia (ML-1, THP-1, and U937) and myeloid leukemia (KG-1) cell lines. Undifferentiated ML-1 or THP-1 cells produced trace amounts of eicosanoids(More)
Previous evidence from this laboratory demonstrated that allylamine, a known cardiovascular toxin, is metabolized in vitro to acrolein, which has been hypothesized to act as a distal toxin. In this study, 3-hydroxypropylmercapturic acid was isolated and identified by MS, NMR, and 2D-NMR spectroscopy as the sole urinary metabolite of allylamine metabolism in(More)
Two indencarbazates, 1 and 2, were isolated from the sponge Cliona caribboea. These compounds were found to possess mild hypotensive activity. A series of analogues of 1 was synthesized in order to study the structure-activity relationship of this unique class of compounds. A variety of structural changes did not result in a consistent pattern of biological(More)