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The existence of dimers and oligomers for many G protein-coupled receptors has been described by us and others. Since many G protein-coupled receptor subtypes are highly homologous to each other, we examined whether closely related receptors may interact with each other directly and thus have the potential to create novel signaling units. Using mu- and(More)
Cell motility on extracellular-matrix (ECM) substrates depends on the regulated generation of force against the substrate through adhesion receptors known as integrins. Here we show that integrin-mediated traction forces can be selectively modulated by the tyrosine kinase Src. In Src-deficient fibroblasts, cell spreading on the ECM component vitronectin is(More)
Opioid receptor pharmacology in vivo has predicted a greater number of receptor subtypes than explained by the profiles of the three cloned opioid receptors, and the functional dependence of the receptors on each other shown in gene-deleted animal models remains unexplained. One mechanism for such findings is the generation of novel signaling complexes by(More)
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) recycles between an inactive form complexed with heat shock proteins (hsps) and localized to the cytoplasm and a free liganded form that regulates specific gene transcription in the nucleus. We report here that, contrary to previous assumptions, association of GR into hsp-containing complexes is not sufficient to prevent the(More)
The beta-hexosaminidase isozymes are produced through the combination of alpha and beta subunits to form any one of three active dimers (monomeric subunits are not functional). Heterodimeric hexosaminidase A (alpha beta) is the only isozyme that can hydrolyze GM2 ganglioside in vivo, requiring the presence of the GM2 activator protein. Hexosaminidase S(More)
Core 2 beta1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (C2GnT-I) plays a pivotal role in the biosynthesis of mucin-type O-glycans that serve as ligands in cell adhesion. To elucidate the three-dimensional structure of the enzyme for use in computer-aided design of therapeutically relevant enzyme inhibitors, we investigated the participation of cysteine residues(More)
There are three human beta-hexosaminidase isozymes which are composed of all possible dimeric combinations of an alpha and/or a beta subunit; A (alpha beta), and B (beta beta), and S (alpha alpha). The amino acid sequences of the two subunits are 60% identical. The homology between the two chains varies with the middle > the carboxy-terminal > > the(More)
Human beta-hexosaminidases A and B (EC 3.2.1.52) are dimeric lysosomal glycosidases composed of evolutionarily related alpha and/or beta subunits. Both isozymes hydrolyze terminal beta-linked GalNAc or GlcNAc residues from numerous artificial and natural substrates; however, in vivo GM2 ganglioside is a substrate for only the heterodimeric A isozyme. Thus,(More)
Although microsatellite instability (MSI) has been shown to be present in 15% of sporadic colorectal carcinomas, the genetic events underlying the development of these tumors have not been well described. By investigating intratumoral heterogeneity, this study attempts to elucidate whether MSI-positive colorectal carcinomas develop as the result of a random(More)