R S Ruan

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The aim of this study was to determine whether neurotrophic factors such as brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) would protect auditory hair cells from ototoxicity by aminoglycoside antibiotic. Twenty-seven Wistar guinea pigs were divided into three groups of nine animals each. BDNF and NT-3 (100 microg/ml) were delivered into(More)
Nitric oxide synthase activities in the facial motor nucleus were studied in rats after unilateral compression of the facial nerve. Using a radiometric assay which measured the total soluble nitric oxide synthase activities in the facial motor nucleus and the surrounding tissues, it was found that nitric oxide synthase activities were markedly increased(More)
Compression of the rat facial nerve in its bony canal led to increased nitric oxide synthase activity in the facial motoneurons as revealed by NADPH-d histochemistry. The increase occurred steadily from 3 days to 6 weeks, peaking at 4 weeks after compression. Parallel to this was also a gradual return of facial function which reached its maximum at 4-5(More)
The present study aimed to determine whether nitric oxide synthase (NOS)/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase (NADPH-d) activity would be induced in facial motoneurons after facial nerve avulsion and if so, whether such activity was related to neuronal death commonly observed after such injury. The left facial nerve in each of 28 Wistar(More)
The distributions of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in mammalian cochlea were studied at light and electron microscope levels by NADPH-d histochemistry and brain NOS (bNOS) immunohistochemistry. The cochleae from 15 albino guinea pigs were perilymphatically fixed with 2%(More)
Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) has been used as a donor for nitric oxide (NO) to study the effects of NO on the mammalian cochlea. In the present study, we set out to determine whether NO was the chemical responsible for the ototoxic effects seen after the application of SNP at the round window membrane of the adult guinea pig cochlea. In the first instance, NO(More)
The facial nerve of the albino rat was compressed by inserting a thin nylon thread in the facial canal. After a survival period of 1-60 days, the animal was perfused with Ringer's solution followed by a 2% periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde fixative. Frozen sections from the brain stem containing the facial motor nucleus (FMN) were obtained and stained for(More)
To determine whether nitric oxide (NO)/peroxynitrite plays any role in neurodestruction observed in ischemic cochlea of the guinea pig, the effects of NO donors like S-nitrosocysteine (S-NC) and nitroglycerin (NTG), peroxynitrite generators like 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1), peroxynitrite inhibitors like superoxide dismutase plus catalase (SOD/Cat), as(More)
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