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Androgens are known to regulate both the structure and function of lacrimal tissue in a variety of species. To explore the endocrine basis for this hormone action, the following study was designed to: (1) determine the cellular distribution of androgen receptors in the lacrimal gland; and (2) examine the influence of gender and the endocrine environment on(More)
Sjögren's syndrome is an extremely complex and currently incurable autoimmune disorder, which occurs primarily in females, and is associated with lacrimal gland inflammation, meibomian gland dysfunction, and severe dry eye. We hypothesize that androgen deficiency, which reportedly occurs in primary and secondary Sjögren's syndrome (e.g., systemic lupus(More)
Research has shown that androgens regulate the production of secretory component (SC), the IgA antibody receptor, by lacrimal gland acinar cells in vivo. This study was designed to establish an optimal culture system to permit analysis of this endocrine-acinar cell interrelationship in vitro. Acinar cells were isolated from male rat lacrimal glands and(More)
Insulin receptor processing in human erythrocytes was investigated. Insulin binding to the cell surface was found to decrease by 70% in cells which had first been incubated with insulin for 3 h, then washed for 3 h. After an additional 16-h incubation without insulin, the level of cell surface insulin binding was restored to control values, even in the(More)
This study sought to determine whether androgens directly stimulate the production of secretory component (SC) by acinar cells from the rat lacrimal gland. Homogeneous populations of acrinar cells were isolated from lacrimal tissues by serial enzymatic digestion and Ficoll gradient centrifugation and then cultured on reconstituted basement membranes in(More)
Androgens regulate the synthesis and secretion of secretory component (SC), the IgA antibody receptor, by acinar cells from the lacrimal gland. However, this hormone action may be susceptible to significant modification by other agents from the endocrine, nervous, or immune systems. To investigate the nature of this neuroimmunoendocrine interaction, the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the kinetics, receptor specificity, molecular basis, and site selectivity of the endocrine and neural regulation of secretory component (SC) synthesis by rat lacrimal gland acinar cells. METHODS Acinar cells from the rat lacrimal and submandibular glands, as well as epithelial cells (IEC-6) from the rat small intestine, were cultured(More)
Previous research has indicated that the lacrimal gland may be a target organ for sex steroids and that androgen effects on this tissue may be inhibited by pituitary deficiency or diabetes. To extend these findings, the objectives of the current investigation were 3-fold: [a] to determine whether specific and high-affinity binding sites for androgens and(More)
The effect of incubation with insulin on insulin-receptor internalization by erythrocyte ghosts was investigated. The number of surface insulin receptors decreased by 30-40% after incubation of ghosts with insulin. Total insulin-receptor binding to solubilized ghosts was the same in insulin-incubated and control ghosts, whereas insulin binding to an(More)