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The objective of this study was to determine whether dogs with atherosclerosis are more likely to have concurrent diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, or hyperadrenocorticism than dogs that do not have atherosclerosis. A retrospective mortality prevalence case-control study was performed. The study group included 30 dogs with histopathological evidence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine clinical, clinicopathologic, radiographic, ultrasonographic, and coagulation abnormalities in dogs in which acute pancreatitis was fatal. DESIGN Retrospective study. ANIMALS 70 dogs. PROCEDURE History, clinical signs, and physical examination findings at the time of initial evaluation at the veterinary teaching hospital; results(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors associated with fatal acute pancreatitis in dogs. DESIGN Case-control study. ANIMALS 70 case dogs with clinical evidence and histopathologic confirmation of fatal acute pancreatitis and 104 control dogs that had trauma, underwent necropsy, and did not have histologic evidence of acute pancreatitis. PROCEDURE(More)
The aim of this study was to retrospectively describe the outcome of 127 dogs with naturally occurring diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and to examine the association between outcome of canine DKA and clinical and clinicopathologic findings. Eighty-two (65%) dogs were diagnosed with DKA at the time of initial diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM). Eighty-seven(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine, among dogs with urolithiasis, whether dogs that had hyperadrenocorticism would be more likely to have calcium-containing uroliths than would dogs that did not have clinical evidence of hyperadrenocorticism. DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS 20 dogs that had urolithiasis and hyperadrenocorticism and 42 breed-matched(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize concurrent disorders in dogs with diabetes mellitus (DM). DESIGN Retrospective study. ANIMALS 221 dogs with DM. PROCEDURE Medical records were reviewed, and clinical signs, physical examination findings, and results of clinicopathologic testing, urinalysis, aerobic bacterial culture of urine samples, coagulation testing,(More)
  • R S Hess
  • The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small…
  • 2010
In diabetic dogs, many concurrent diseases can cause resistance to exogenous insulin. The most common concurrent disorders in diabetic dogs are hyperadrenocorticism, urinary tract infection, acute pancreatitis, neoplasia, and hypothyroidism. When a concurrent disorder is treated, the insulin dose should be decreased to avoid possible hypoglycemia when an(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine which dog breeds are at low and high risk for developing diabetes mellitus (DM). DESIGN Cohort study. ANIMALS Hospital population of 221 dogs with DM and 42,882 dogs without DM during 5.5 years. PROCEDURE 165 breeds (including a mixed-breed category) were represented in the hospital population. Breed-specific expected numbers of(More)
BACKGROUND The sensitivity and specificity of the sodium to potassium ratio (Na:K ratio) as a cutoff for recommendation of an adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test in dogs suspected of having hypoadrenocorticism (HA) is unknown. Additionally, abnormalities in plasma ionized calcium (iCa2+) and ionized magnesium (iMg2+) concentrations and(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrinopathy of cats and humans. Although few studies have examined the effects of DM on the pulmonary system, changes in pulmonary function and immunology in humans with type I and II diabetes, and pulmonary lesions in a murine diabetic model have been documented. Our objective was to determine whether pulmonary lesions(More)