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Odorant signal transduction occurs in the specialized cilia of the olfactory sensory neurons. Considerable biochemical evidence now indicates that this process could be mediated by a G protein-coupled cascade using cyclic AMP as an intracellular second messenger. A stimulatory G protein alpha subunit is expressed at high levels in olfactory neurons and is(More)
Retinal rods respond to light with a membrane hyperpolarization produced by a G-protein-mediated signalling cascade that leads to cyclic GMP hydrolysis and the consequent closure of a cGMP-gated channel that is open in darkness. A protein that forms this channel has recently been purified from bovine retina and molecularly cloned, suggesting that the native(More)
The effect of angiotensin II on cultured neonatal rat heart myocytes was studied by measuring changes in cell length, the magnitude and kinetics of the calcium current, and changes in cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and phosphoinositide metabolism. Spontaneous beating frequency of multicellular networks was increased by angiotensin II with a(More)
The effects of increased protein kinase C activity were studied in neonatal rat myocytes grown in primary culture. The changes in mechanical and electrical behavior, as well as protein phosphorylation, that followed the apparent activation of protein kinase C by the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were examined. As spontaneous(More)
Phototransduction in retinal rods involves a G-protein-mediated signaling cascade that leads to cGMP hydrolysis and the closure of a cGMP-gated channel. This channel has recently been purified from bovine retina and molecularly cloned (Kaupp et al., 1989). We report here the cloning of cDNA and genomic DNA encoding the human rod cGMP-gated channel, based(More)
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