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The anatomical and biophysical specializations of octopus cells allow them to detect the coincident firing of groups of auditory nerve fibers and to convey the precise timing of that coincidence to their targets. Octopus cells occupy a sharply defined region of the most caudal and dorsal part of the mammalian ventral cochlear nucleus. The dendrites of(More)
Octopus cells in the posteroventral cochlear nucleus (PVCN) of mammals are biophysically specialized to detect coincident firing in the population of auditory nerve fibers that provide their synaptic input and to convey its occurrence with temporal precision. The precision in the timing of action potentials depends on the low input resistance (approximately(More)
Octopus cells in the posteroventral cochlear nucleus of mammals detect the coincidence of synchronous firing in populations of auditory nerve fibers and convey the timing of that coincidence with great temporal precision. Earlier recordings in current clamp have shown that two conductances contribute to the low input resistance and therefore to the ability(More)
Transient outward currents were characterized with twin electrode voltage clamp techniques in isolated F76 and D1 neuronal membranes (soma only) of Helix aspersa subesophageal ganglia. In this study, in addition to the transient outward current (A-current, I(A)) described by Connor and Stevens (1971b), another fast outward current, referred to as I(Adepol)(More)
Twin-electrode voltage-clamp techniques were used to study the effect of calcium and calcium channel blockers on the transient outward current in isolated F76 and D1 neurones of Helix aspersa subesophageal ganglia in vitro (soma only preparation with no cell processes). On lowering extracellular Ca(2+) concentration from 10 to 2 mm or removing extracellular(More)
Rice (Oryza sativa L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) are major staple food crops consumed worldwide. Zinc (Zn) deficiency represents a common micronutrient deficiency in human populations, especially in regions of the world where staple food crops are the main source of daily calorie intake. Foliar application of Zn(More)
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