R Sánchez-Olea

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Regulatory volume decrease (RVD) in astrocytes was inhibited by the Cl- exchanger blockers 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS), dipyridamole and niflumic acid but not by the Cl- channel inhibitors diphenylamine-2-carboxylate (DPC) and anthracene-9-carboxylate (9-AC). The volume activated efflux of [3H]taurine and [3H]D-aspartate (as(More)
[3H]Inositol accumulated by rat brain cultured astrocytes is released when cells swell by exposure to solutions of decreased osmolarity. Activation of inositol efflux was proportional to reductions in osmolarity from 30%-70%. This volume-activated inositol efflux pathway was increased (27%) in Na(+)-free medium and decreased (22%) in Cl(-)-free medium. It(More)
In order to obtain information about the mechanism responsible for swelling associated taurine release in astrocytes, the kinetics of taurine uptake in cultured astrocytes from mouse cerebral cortex was studied under isosmotic and hyposmotic (50% osmolarity) conditions. It was found that the Vmax for the high affinity component of taurine uptake was(More)
Cultured astrocytes grown chronically (1-3 days) in medium made hyperosmotic (450 mOsm) with NaCl or sucrose showed an increase in taurine concentration from 294 to 501 nmol/mg protein in NaCl and to 382 nmol/mg protein in sucrose. The effect of hyperosmolarity on taurine uptake and release was examined to investigate whether or not changes in these(More)
The effect of hyposmotic conditions on the concentration of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) was studied in cultured cerebellar granule cells and cerebral cortical neurons after loading of the cells with the fluorescent Ca2+ chelator Fluo-3. It was found that in both types of neurons exposure to media with a decrease in osmolarity of 20 to 50% of the(More)
The 1,4-dihydropyridines (DHP), nimodipine (NMD) and nitrendipine (NTD) were potent blockers of regulatory volume decrease (RVD) and the volume-associated release of [3H]taurine and chloride (measured as 125I) in 2-weeks cultured rat cerebellar astrocytes. The IC50 were 30 microM and 29 microM for taurine efflux and 26 and 27 microM for C1 efflux for NMD(More)
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