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OBJECTIVE Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes muscle atrophy, which is particularly severe, due to inability to perform tetanic contractions, when lower motor neurons (LMN) are involved. We performed a longitudinal study in 25 Europeans suffering from complete conus cauda syndrome from 0.7 to 8.7 years comparing functional and structural thigh muscle properties(More)
In this paper we show how healthy subjects can operate a non-invasive asynchronous BCI for controlling a FES neuroprosthesis and manipulate objects to carry out daily tasks in ecological conditions. Both, experienced and novel subjects proved to be able to deliver mental commands with high accuracy and speed. Our neuroprosthetic approach relies on a natural(More)
In this paper we present the results of six motor-disabled patients manoeuvring a telepresence robot via a BCI. Remarkably, although five of the patients had never visited the location where the telepresence robot was operating, they achieved similar performances to a group of four healthy users who were familiar with the environment. In particular, the(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in deficits of sensory, motor and autonomous functions, with tremendous consequences for the patients. The loss of motor functions, especially grasping, leads to a dramatic decrease in quality of life. With the help of neuroprostheses, the grasp function can be substantially improved in cervical SCI patients. Nowadays,(More)
A brain-computer interface (BCI) based on near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) could act as a tool for rehabilitation of stroke patients due to the neural activity induced by motor imagery aided by real-time feedback of hemodynamic activation. When combined with functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the affected limb, BCI is expected to have an even(More)
The goal of our research is to enable various end-users to control applications by using a brain-computer interface (BCI). Since applications–like telepresence robots, wheelchairs or text entry systems–are quite demanding a good level of BCI control is needed. However, little is known on how much training is needed to achieve such a level. A second open(More)
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