R R Tjandrawinata

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A double-blind, randomized, parallel and active-controlled clinical study was conducted to evaluate the anti-hypertensive effect as well as the tolerability of Olive leaf extract in comparison with Captopril in patients with stage-1 hypertension. Additionally, this study also investigated the hypolipidemic effects of Olive leaf extract in such patients. It(More)
DLBS1442 is a bioactive fraction extracted from the fruit of the native Indonesian plant, Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl (Thymelaceae). This bioactive fraction is a potential treatment for dysmenorrhea and endometriosis. The present study investigated the pharmacological action of DLBS1442 in endometrial cells. The effect of various doses of DLBS1442(More)
Prostaglandins are synthesized from arachidonic acid by the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase. There are two isoforms of cyclooxygenases: COX-1 (a constitutive form) and COX-2 (an inducible form). COX-2 has recently been categorized as an immediate-early gene and is associated with cellular growth and differentiation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
For the past 60 years, dietary intake of essential fatty acids has increased. Moreover, the omega-6 fatty acids have recently been found to play an important role in regulation of gene expression. Proliferation of human prostate cells was significantly increased 48 h after arachidonic acid (AA) addition. We have analyzed initial uptake using nile red(More)
The development of prostate cancer has been linked to high level of dietary fat intake. Our laboratory investigates the connection between cancer cell growth and fatty acid products. Studying human prostatic carcinoma PC-3 cells, we found that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) increased cell growth and up-regulated the gene expression of its own synthesizing enzyme,(More)
It has been proposed that the omega-6 fatty acids increase the rate of tumor growth. Here we test that hypothesis in the PC-3 human prostate tumor. We found that the essential fatty acids, linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA), and the AA metabolite PGE(2) stimulate tumor growth while oleic acid (OA) and the omega-3 fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid(More)
Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl. (Thymelaeaceae), an Indonesian native plant, has been used to treat various diseases in Indonesia. DLBS1425, a standardized extract of flesh fruit of Phaleria macrocarpa, is hypothesized to have anti-cancer activities. Anti-proliferative and induction of apoptosis conferred by DLBS1425 on breast cancer cells, MDA-MB-231(More)
Phaleria macrocarpa, also known as Mahkota dewa, is an Indonesian native plant that has been used as a remedy for many diseases. However, the molecular mechanism of Phaleria macrocarpa is still limited. In this study, we evaluate its molecular mechanism using a bioactivity-guided DLBS1425, an extract of Phaleria macrocarpa on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was conducted to compare the bioavailability of two bisoprolol fumarate 5 mg film-coated tablet formulations (test and reference formulations). PATIENTS AND METHODS This study was a randomized, single-blind, two-period, two-sequence crossover study that included 18 healthy adult male and female subjects under fasting(More)
BACKGROUND DLBS3233 is a standardized extract combination containing Lagerstroemia speciosa and Cinnamomum burmannii. The effect of DLBS3233 on glucose uptake, adiponectin secretion, and insulin signaling was examined in this study. METHODS 3T3 Swiss albino preadipocytes and adipocytes were used to investigate gene expression detected using the reverse(More)