The nature of error detection as manifested by the error-related negativity was examined in both a Sternberg memory search task and a visual search task. Both tasks were performed in conditions with consistent or varied stimulus-response mapping and loads of three or six letters. After subjects were trained extensively in all conditions, they performed the… (More)
Tyrosine, a large neutral amino acid found in dietary proteins, has received recent attention as a potential treatment for stress. The behavioral effects of tyrosine were examined during an episode of continuous nighttime work involving one night's sleep loss. Subjects performed nine iterations of a battery of performance tasks and mood scales for… (More)
We examined the effects of both 5- and 10-mg/7O kg body weight of d-methamphetamine HCl on high event rate vigilance and tracking performance in a 13.5-hr sustained-performance session during one night of sleep loss. At 0116 hours participants were administered either a 5 mg/70 kg oral dose of d-methamphetamine (n=10), 10 mg/70 kg d-methamphetamine (n=10),… (More)
We investigated the influence of extended wakefulness on automatic and nonautomatic processes in memory and visual search tasks. Subjects were trained in consistently mapped and variably mapped versions of each task, attaining automatic performance in the consistently mapped versions. We then recorded performance measures and event-related brain potentials… (More)
The N1 component of auditory evoked potentials varies in amplitude as a function of the direction of attention and has been treated as a physiological correlate of stimulus set. Results from a sequential pitch memory experiment, presented here, show that N1 also indexes the strengths of short-term associations, suggesting that the N1 mechanism(s) may be… (More)
Forward masking was used to obtain measurements of physiological masking and two-tone unmasking from short-latency evoked potentials and psychophysical responses in human subjects. The physiological results are in qualitative agreement with data on inhibitory phenomena in nonhuman auditory systems. The neural and behavioral data obtained thus far agree well.