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Some phenomena involving intersection of weak shock waves at small angles are considered: the focusing of curved fronts at a&es, the transition between regular and irregular reflection of oblique shock waves on rigid walls and the diffraction patterns arising behind obstacles. The intersection of three shock waves plays a central role in most of these(More)
Classical random matrix models are formed from dense matrices with Gaussian entries. Their eigenvalues have features that have been observed in combinatorics, statistical mechanics, quantum mechanics, and even the zeros of the Riemann zeta function. However, their eigenvectors are Haar-distributed-completely random. Therefore , these classical random(More)
We study the transport properties of particles draining from a silo using imaging and direct particle tracking. The particle displacements show a universal transition from superdiffusion to normal diffusion, as a function of the distance fallen, independent of the flow speed. In the superdiffusive (but sub-ballistic) regime, which occurs before a particle(More)
In this thesis, we present bijections proving partitions identities. In the first part, we generalize Dyson's definition of rank to partitions with successive Durfee squares. We then present two symmetries for this new rank which we prove using bijections generalizing conjugation and Dyson's map. Using these two symmetries we derive a version of Schur's(More)
We unify step bunching ͑SB͒ instabilities occurring under various conditions on crystal surfaces below roughening. We show that when attachment-detachment of atoms at step edges is the rate-limiting process, the SB of interacting, concentric circular steps is equivalent to the commonly observed SB of interacting straight steps under deposition, desorption,(More)
A new theoretical mechanism is developed in which large-scale equatorial Kelvin waves can modify their speed through dispersion and interaction with other large-scale equatorial waves, such as Yanai or Rossby modes, through topographic resonance. This resonance mechanism can prevent the breaking of a propagating nonlinear Kelvin wave, slow down its speed,(More)
In analogy to gas-dynamical detonation waves, which consist of a shock with an attached exothermic reaction zone, we consider herein nonlinear traveling wave solutions to the hyperbolic ("inviscid") continuum traffic equations. Generic existence criteria are examined in the context of the Lax entropy conditions. Our analysis naturally precludes traveling(More)