R. R. Burgess

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A backbone model of a 10-subunit yeast RNA polymerase II has been derived from x-ray diffraction data extending to 3 angstroms resolution. All 10 subunits exhibit a high degree of identity with the corresponding human proteins, and 9 of the 10 subunits are conserved among the three eukaryotic RNA polymerases I, II, and III. Notable features of the model(More)
Although more than 30 Escherichia coli promoters utilize the RNA polymerase holoenzyme containing sigmaS (EsigmaS), and it is known that there is some overlap between the promoters recognized by EsigmaS and by the major E. coli holoenzyme (Esigma70), the sequence elements responsible for promoter recognition by EsigmaS are not well understood. To define the(More)
The codon preference plot is useful for locating genes in sequenced DNA, predicting the relative level of their expression and for detecting DNA sequencing errors resulting in the insertion or deletion of bases within a coding sequence. The three possible reading frames are displayed in parallel along with the open reading frames and plots of the location(More)
We show, using dot matrix comparisons and statistical analysis of sequence alignments, that seven sequenced sigma factors, E. coli sigma-70 and sigma-32, B. subtilis sigma-43 and sigma-29, phage SP01 gene products 28 and 34, and phage T4 gene product 55, comprise a homologous family of proteins. Sigma-70, sigma-32, and sigma-43 each have two copies of a(More)
Transgenic alfalfa plants expressinBacillus licheniformis alpha-amylase and mangaese-dependent lignin peroxidase (Mn-P) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium were produced using the Agrobacterium tumefaciens transformation system. In each case, there was a range of expression of the introduced gene among independent transgenic plants. Plants producing(More)
Wheat germ RNA polymerase II was used to raise monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that cross-react with the largest subunit of calf thymus RNA polymerase II. Most of these mAbs were of the IgM isotype and were shown to react with a synthetic peptide containing the consensus sequence for the C-terminal heptapeptide repeat that has been found on the largest subunit(More)
We investigated the binding of E. coli RNA polymerase holoenzymes bearing sigma70, sigma(S), sigma32, or sigma54 to the ribosomal RNA operons (rrn) in vivo. At the rrn promoter, we observed "holoenzyme switching" from Esigma70 to Esigma(S) or Esigma32 in response to environmental cues. We also examined if sigma factors are retained by core polymerase during(More)
sigma(32) is the first alternative sigma factor discovered in Escherichia coli and can direct transcription of many genes in response to heat shock stress. To define the physiological role of sigma(32), we have used transcription profiling experiments to identify, on a genome-wide basis, genes under the control of sigma(32) in E. coli by moderate induction(More)
An improved method is described for the purification of the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase [ribonucleosidetriphosphate:RNA nucleotidyltransferase, EC] from Escherichia coli. The method involves lysozyme-sodium deoxycholate lysis, low-speed centrifugation, precipitation with Polymin P, elution from the Polymin P precipitate, ammonium sulfate(More)