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Mitochondrial accumulation and respiratory inhibition are critical steps in the actions of N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), the toxic metabolite of the parkinsonism-inducing agent, N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. We examined the respiratory characteristics of 2-methylated beta-carbolines (2-Me beta Cs) and 2-methylated(More)
Eleven beta-carbolinium compounds (beta C+s) and MPP+ were stereotaxically injected (40-200 nmol in 5 microliter of vehicle) unilaterally into the substantia nigra of anesthetized adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were sacrificed after three weeks. The ipsilateral striatum was analyzed for dopamine and DOPAC levels with HPLC. The brainstem injection(More)
N-Methylated beta-carbolinium compounds (N-Me-BCs), including 2-N-methyl and 2,9-N,N-dimethyl analogs, structural analogs of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), may be endogenously bioactivated, MPP(+)-like toxins, capable of inducing parkinsonism. Both MPP+ and selected N-Me-BCs inhibit NADH-linked mitochondrial respiration (Complex I). We now show that(More)
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