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CuO nanowires with high crystalline quality are synthesized via a simple thermal oxidation method. Charge conduction on individual nanowires under a transverse electric field exhibits an intrinsic p-type semiconducting behavior. Variations in signal transducer in different chemical gas environments are measured on individual CuO nanowire field effect(More)
Two-dimensional topological insulators (2D TIs) have been proposed as platforms for many intriguing applications, ranging from spintronics to topological quantum information processing. Realizing this potential will likely be facilitated by the discovery of new, easily manufactured materials in this class. With this goal in mind, we introduce a new(More)
Iron pyrite (cubic FeS2) is a promising candidate absorber material for earth-abundant thin-film solar cells. Here, we report on phase-pure, large-grain, and uniform polycrystalline pyrite films that are fabricated by solution-phase deposition of an iron(III) acetylacetonate molecular ink followed by sequential annealing in air, H2S, and sulfur gas at(More)
First-principles electronic structure studies based on local spin density functional theory and performed on extremely complex simulations of ever increasingly realistic systems, play a very important role in explaining and predicting surface and interface magnetism. This review deals with what is a major issue for "rst-principles theory, namely the(More)
Kondo lattice systems can exhibit unusual many-body behaviors that result from the interplay between onsite Kondo screening and intersite coupling. We used scanning tunneling microscopy to image the Kondo resonance in a nonconventional Kondo lattice formed by self-assembled oxygen (O(2)) molecules, which are paramagnetic, on the gold reconstructed surface(More)
  • D Qu, S Y Huang, Jun Hu, Ruqian Wu, C L Chien
  • Physical review letters
  • 2013
The acute magnetic proximity effects in Pt/YIG compromise the suitability of Pt as a spin current detector. We show that Au/YIG, with no anomalous Hall effect and a negligible magnetoresistance, allows the measurements of the intrinsic spin Seebeck effect with a magnitude much smaller than that in Pt/YIG. The experiment results are consistent with the spin(More)
The formation of a nanometer-scale chemically responsive junction (CRJ) within a silver nanowire is described. A silver nanowire was first prepared on glass using the lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition method. A 1-5 nm gap was formed in this wire by electromigration. Finally, this gap was reconnected by applying a voltage ramp to the(More)
Continuous miniaturization of magnetic units in spintronics and quantum computing devices inspires efforts to search for magnetic nanostructures with giant magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) and high structural stability. Through density functional theory calculations, we found that either Pt-Ir or Os-Ru dimer forms a stable vertical structure on the defected(More)
Quantum wires, as a smallest electronic conductor, are expected to be a fundamental component in all quantum architectures. The electronic conductance in quantum wires, however, is often dictated by structural instabilities and electron localization at the atomic scale. Here we report on the evolutions of electronic transport as a function of temperature(More)