R Penchansky

Learn More
Access is an important concept in health policy and health services research, yet it is one which has not been defined or employed precisely. To some authors "access" refers to entry into or use of the health care system, while to others it characterizes factors influencing entry or use. The purpose of this article is to propose a taxonomic definition of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study examines differences in breast cancer survival between African-American and white women to determine whether there is a racial difference in survival after accounting for established influences on outcome, such as stage of cancer, health status, health behavior, utilization patterns, access to care, quality of care, and(More)
Results of an analysis of enrollment decisions in HMO-type plans are reported. Previous studies concern dual-choice situations; this paper deals with a quadruple-choice situation involving one open- and two closed-panel HMO-type plans as well as Blue Cross/Blue Shield (BC/BS). The risk-vulnerability hypothesis is disaggregated into its components and the(More)
Underlying the continuing emphasis on access by health services researchers and policymakers is the assumption that patients having poorer access will receive less than appropriate health care, other things being equal. However, recent research results typically have not supported this assumption, and the nature and importance of relationships between(More)
Despite the concern with medical malpractice suits and research about them, little is known about why some perceived injuries lead to claims of malpractice while other similar injuries do not. This paper presents a conceptualization and hypotheses regarding the determinants of an injury or perceived injury leading to suit. The conceptualization and(More)
The impact of HMO enrollment on utilization and satisfaction in a sample of industrial employees was investigated using a panel study design. Preenrollment and postenrollment ambulatory utilization rates, out-of-pocket costs, and measures of satisfaction are presented for enrollees in two closed- and one open-panel HMO-type plans. Their health care(More)
BACKGROUND The number of elderly drivers is increasing. The primary purpose of public policy requiring vision screening for driver's license renewal is to identify, and, when necessary, restrict drivers with functional vision impairments. Because of age-related ocular conditions, elderly drivers, as a group, have a higher incidence and prevalence of(More)