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The aminoacyl-imidazole dipeptides carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) and anserine (β-alanyl-1-methyl-histidine) are present in relatively high concentrations in excitable tissues, such as muscle and nervous tissue. In the present study we describe the existence of a marked sexual dimorphism of carnosine and anserine in skeletal muscles of CD1 mice. In adult(More)
LH plays a relevant role in folliculogenesis, ovulation, and luteinization. Although ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, is a target of LH in the ovary, the functional significance of ODC induction has remained elusive. Our study reveals that the blockade of the induction of ovarian ODC by means of the specific inhibitor(More)
The role of circulating tumor markers in providing prognostic information has not been widely studied. In the current study, serum levels of the carbohydrate antigen 15-3 (CA 15-3) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were determined preoperatively in 364 breast cancer patients with no clinical signs of metastasis. The prognostic relevance of these markers(More)
Polyamines are small organic polycations essential for cell proliferation and survival. Antizymes (AZs) are small proteins regulated by polyamines that inhibit polyamine biosynthesis and uptake in mammalian cells. In addition, antizyme functions are also regulated by antizyme inhibitors, homologue proteins of ornithine decarboxylase lacking enzymatic(More)
The responses of the electrically driven right ventricle strip of the rat heart to isoprenaline and other cyclic AMP-related inotropic agents were recorded in the absence and in the presence of diazepam. Isoprenaline, in concentrations ranging from 10 nM to 1 microM, significantly increased, in a concentration-dependent manner, the contractile force in this(More)
Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and the antizyme inhibitors (AZIN1 and AZIN2), regulatory proteins of polyamine levels, are antizyme-binding proteins. Although it is widely recognized that ODC is mainly a cytosolic enzyme, less is known about the subcellular distribution of AZIN1 and AZIN2. We found that these proteins, which share a high degree of homology(More)
The uptake of L-Tyr by B16/F10 malignant melanocytes in culture has been studied. These melanoma cells can either be depleted of amino acids by 1 h preincubation in Hanks' isotonic medium or preloaded with a specific amino acid by 1 h preincubation in the same solution containing 2 mM of the amino acid to be preloaded. By means of these pretreatments, it is(More)
Ovarian progesterone secretion during the diestrus stage of the estrous cycle is produced by luteal cells derived from granulosa and thecal cells after the differentiation process that follows ovulation. Our results show that blockade of the preovulatory rise of ovarian ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis, by treatment with(More)
We have studied the influence of dietary arginine on tissue arginine content, and arginine metabolism in CD1 mice. Dietary arginine restriction produced by feeding mice with a low arginine diet (0.06%) produced a marked decrease in arginine concentrations in the plasma, skeletal muscle and kidney of female mice (72%, 67% and 54%, respectively) while in male(More)
Antizymes and antizyme inhibitors are key regulatory proteins of polyamine levels by affecting ornithine decarboxylase and polyamine uptake. Our previous studies indicated a metabolic interplay among polyamines, histamine and serotonin in mast cells, and demonstrated that polyamines are present in mast cell secretory granules, being important for histamine(More)