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Maltose metabolism was investigated in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus litoralis. Maltose was degraded by the concerted action of 4-alpha-glucanotransferase and maltodextrin phosphorylase (MalP). The first enzyme produced glucose and a series of maltodextrins that could be acted upon by MalP when the chain length of glucose residues was equal or(More)
The hyperthermophilic marine archaeon Thermococcus litoralis exhibits high-affinity transport activity for maltose and trehalose at 85 degrees C. The K(m) for maltose transport was 22 nM, and that for trehalose was 17 nM. In cells that had been grown on peptone plus yeast extract, the Vmax for maltose uptake ranged from 3.2 to 7.5 nmol/min/mg of protein in(More)
Diglycerol phosphate accumulates under salt stress in the archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus (L. O. Martins, R. Huber, H. Huber, K. O. Stetter, M. S. da Costa, and H. Santos, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63:896-902, 1997). This solute was purified after extraction from the cell biomass. In addition, the optically active and the optically inactive (racemic) forms(More)
glk, the structural gene for glucokinase of Escherichia coli, was cloned and sequenced. Overexpression of glk resulted in the synthesis of a cytoplasmic protein with a molecular weight of 35,000. The enzyme was purified, and its kinetic parameters were determined. Its Km values for glucose and ATP were 0.78 and 3.76 mM, respectively. Its Vmax was 158 U/mg(More)
The Escherichia coli maltose system consists of a number of genes whose products are involved in the uptake and metabolism of maltose and maltodextrins. MalT is the central positive gene activator of the regulon and is, together with the cyclic AMP-catabolite gene activator protein system, necessary for the expression of the maltose genes. Expression of(More)
The maltose system in Escherichia coli consists of cell envelope-associated proteins and enzymes that catalyze the uptake and utilization of maltose and alpha,1-4-linked maltodextrins. The presence of these sugars in the growth medium induces the maltose system (exogenous induction), even though only maltotriose has been identified in vitro as an inducer(More)
malZ is a member of the mal regulon. It is controlled by MatT, the transcriptional activator of the maltose system. MalZ has been purified and identified as an enzyme hydrolyzing maltotriose and longer maltodextrins to glucose and maltose. MalZ is dispensable for growth on maltose or maltodextrins. Mutants lacking amylomaltase (encoded by malQ), the major(More)
Klebsiella oxytoca M5a1 has the capacity to transport and to metabolize alpha-, beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins. Cyclodextrin transport is mediated by the products of the cymE, cymF, cymG, cymD, and cymA genes, which are functionally homologous to the malE, malF, malG, malK, and lamB gene products of Escherichia coli. CymE, which is the periplasmic binding(More)
MalY represents a bifunctional pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzyme acting as a beta-cystathionase and as a repressor of the maltose regulon. Here we present the crystal structures of wild-type and A221V mutant protein. Each subunit of the MalY dimer is composed of a large pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-binding domain and a small domain similar to(More)
malQ mutants of Escherichia coli lacking amylomaltase cannot grow on maltose. They express the maltose system constitutively and are sensitive to maltose when grown on another carbon source. In an attempt to isolate a multicopy suppressor that would result in growth on maltose, we transformed a malQ mutant with a gene bank of E. coli DNA which had been(More)