Learn More
IMPORTANCE Myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is curative for children with severe sickle cell disease, but toxicity may be prohibitive for adults. Nonmyeloablative transplantation has been attempted with degrees of preparative regimen intensity, but graft rejection and graft-vs-host disease remain significant. (More)
Loss-of-function mutation in the heme oxygenase 1 (Hmox1) gene causes a rare and lethal disease in children, characterized by severe anemia and intravascular hemolysis, with damage to endothelia and kidneys. Previously, we found that macrophages engaged in recycling of red cells were depleted from the tissues of Hmox1(-/-) mice, which resulted in(More)
To the Editor: A few groups1–5 have now reported that ovarian-derived stem cells (OSCs; also known as oogonial stem cells or oocyte precursor cells) have been isolated from adult mouse5 and rat4 ovaries; these cells are able to undergo meiosis after transplantation back into recipient ovaries and give rise to offspring. These cells have also been isolated(More)
The reduced expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells-1 (NFAT1) protein in umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived CD4+ T cells and the corresponding reduction in inflammatory cytokine secretion after stimulation in part underlies their phenotypic differences from adult blood (AB) CD4+ T cells. This muted response may contribute to the lower incidence(More)
Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) is desirable for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) targeted gene therapy; however, RIC may be insufficient for efficient engraftment and inducing immunological tolerance to transgenes. We previously established long-term gene marking in our rhesus macaque autologous HSC transplantation model following 10 Gy total body(More)
On activation, umbilical cord blood (UCB) CD4(+) T cells demonstrate reduced expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), whereas maintaining equivalent interleukin-2 (IL-2) levels, as compared with adult peripheral blood (PB) CD4(+) T cells. Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT1) protein, a transcription(More)
Because of the toxicity associated with myeloablative conditioning, nonmyeloablative regimens are increasingly being used in vulnerable patient populations. For patients with sickle cell disease, stable mixed chimerism has proven sufficient to reverse the phenotype. Because the vast majority of patients do not have an HLA-matched sibling, a safe(More)
The reduced expression of nuclear factor of activated T cells-1 (NFAT1) protein in umbilical cord blood (UCB)–derived CD4 ؉ T cells and the corresponding reduction in inflammatory cytokine secretion after stimulation in part underlies their pheno-typic differences from adult blood (AB) CD4 ؉ T cells. This muted response may contribute to the lower incidence(More)