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Quantitative analysis of the relationship between virus expression and disease outcome has been critical for understanding HIV-1 pathogenesis. Yet the amount of viral RNA contained within an HIV-expressing cell and the relationship between the number of virus-producing cells and plasma virus load has not been established or reflected in models of viral(More)
In vivo cancer gene therapy approaches for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) based on adenoviral vector-mediated gene delivery have been limited by the suboptimal efficacy of gene transfer to tumor cells. We hypothesized that this issue was due to deficiency of the primary adenoviral receptor, the coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR), on(More)
The protein synthetic machinery is activated by diverse genetic alterations during tumor progression in vivo and represents an attractive target for cancer therapy. We show that rapamycin inhibits the induction of transformed foci in vitro by GLI, a transcription factor that functions in the sonic hedgehog-patched pathway in tumors. In control cells, which(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Improvement in axonal regeneration may lead to the development of longer nerve grafts and improved outcomes for patients with peripheral nerve injury. Although the use of acellular nerve grafts has been well documented (Groves et al, Exp Neurol. 2005;195:278-292; Krekoski et al, J Neurosci. 2001;21:6206-6213; Massey et al, Exp Neurol.(More)
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