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The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the utility of perfusion MRI in cerebral gliomas showing imperceptible contrast enhancement on conventional MRI, and to evaluate the relationships of perfusion MRI and magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic results in these tumours. Twenty-two patients with histopathologically proven cerebral gliomas and(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of l-[methyl-()11C]methionine (11C-MET) PET/CT and MRI (with the inclusion of advanced imaging techniques, namely, MR spectroscopy and MR perfusion) in the assessment of tumor recurrence in high-grade gliomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-nine patients with high-grade gliomas who(More)
The nuclear arsenal and the use of nuclear technologies have enhanced the likelihood of whole-body/partial-body radiation exposure. The central nervous system is highly susceptible to even low doses of radiation. With the aim of detecting and monitoring the pathologic changes of radiation-induced damage in brain parenchyma, we used serial diffusion tensor(More)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis(ADEM) is an uncommon inflammatory demyelinating disease involving central nervous system white matter. A series of seven cases seen over a period of one year have been described. The patients presented with acute onset of focal neurological deficit (3 patients), alteration of sensorium(3) and ataxia(1). CT scan showed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Higher rates of glucose utilization and glycolysis generally correlate with poor prognosis in several types of malignant tumors. Own earlier studies on model systems demonstrated that the nonmetabolizable glucose analog 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) could enhance the efficacy of radiotherapy in a dose-dependent manner by selectively(More)
The RAS protein controls signaling pathway are major player in cell growth, its regulation and malignant transformation. Any activation in RAS brings alteration in upstream or downstream signaling component. Activating mutation in RAS is found in approximately 30% of human cancer. RAS plays essential role in tumor maintenance and is therefore an appropriate(More)
Higher rates of glucose usage generally correlate with poor prognosis in several types of malignant tumours. Experimental studies (both in vitro and in vivo) have shown that 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), a glucose analog and glycolytic inhibitor, enhances radiation-induced damage selectively in tumor cells while protecting normal cells, thereby suggesting that(More)
Heavy metals are known for their associated nephrotoxicity and nickel is no exception. An integrated metabonomic approach, based on high-resolution (1) H NMR spectroscopy, was applied to determine the acute biochemical effects of NiCl(2) on the renal tissues of rats. Kidney homogenates from rats treated with NiCl(2) at two dose levels (4 and 20 mg kg(-1)(More)
Homing and engraftment of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) in bone marrow is the major determining factor in success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This is a complex, multistep process orchestrated by the coordinated interplay between adhesion molecules, cytokines, growth factors, and regulatory cofactors, many of which remain to be(More)
It has been previously hypothesized that the high fractional anisotropy (FA) values in leptomeningeal cortical subcortical white matter (LCSWM) regions of neonatal brain with bacterial meningitis is due to the presence of adhesion molecules in the subarachnoid space, which are responsible for adherence of inflammatory cells over the subarachnoid membrane.(More)