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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Higher rates of glucose utilization and glycolysis generally correlate with poor prognosis in several types of malignant tumors. Own earlier studies on model systems demonstrated that the nonmetabolizable glucose analog 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) could enhance the efficacy of radiotherapy in a dose-dependent manner by selectively(More)
Higher rates of glucose usage generally correlate with poor prognosis in several types of malignant tumours. Experimental studies (both in vitro and in vivo) have shown that 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), a glucose analog and glycolytic inhibitor, enhances radiation-induced damage selectively in tumor cells while protecting normal cells, thereby suggesting that(More)
Region of interest based morphometric diffusion tensor imaging analysis, has been used extensively for the assessment of age-related changes in human brain, is limited to two dimensions and does not reflect the whole fiber bundle; however, diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) offers an overall view of individual fiber bundle in three-dimensional spaces.(More)
During normal haematopoiesis, cell development and differentiation programs are accomplished by switching 'on' and 'off' specific set of genes. Specificity of gene expression is primarily achieved by combinatorial control, i.e. through physical and functional interactions among several transcription factors that form sequence-specific multiprotein complexes(More)
The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the utility of perfusion MRI in cerebral gliomas showing imperceptible contrast enhancement on conventional MRI, and to evaluate the relationships of perfusion MRI and magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic results in these tumours. Twenty-two patients with histopathologically proven cerebral gliomas and(More)
The study was aimed to test the feasibility of utilizing an algorithmically determinable stable fiber mass (SFM) map obtained by an unsupervised principal eigenvector field segmentation (PEVFS) for automatic delineation of 18 white matter (WM) tracts: (1) corpus callosum (CC), (2) tapetum (TP), (3) inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF), (4) uncinate(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of l-[methyl-()11C]methionine (11C-MET) PET/CT and MRI (with the inclusion of advanced imaging techniques, namely, MR spectroscopy and MR perfusion) in the assessment of tumor recurrence in high-grade gliomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-nine patients with high-grade gliomas who(More)
The nuclear arsenal and the use of nuclear technologies have enhanced the likelihood of whole-body/partial-body radiation exposure. The central nervous system is highly susceptible to even low doses of radiation. With the aim of detecting and monitoring the pathologic changes of radiation-induced damage in brain parenchyma, we used serial diffusion tensor(More)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis(ADEM) is an uncommon inflammatory demyelinating disease involving central nervous system white matter. A series of seven cases seen over a period of one year have been described. The patients presented with acute onset of focal neurological deficit (3 patients), alteration of sensorium(3) and ataxia(1). CT scan showed(More)
The RAS protein controls signaling pathway are major player in cell growth, its regulation and malignant transformation. Any activation in RAS brings alteration in upstream or downstream signaling component. Activating mutation in RAS is found in approximately 30% of human cancer. RAS plays essential role in tumor maintenance and is therefore an appropriate(More)