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Fluorescent retrograde double-labeling methods were used in which Fast blue and Nuclear yellow or Diamidino yellow dihydrochloride were injected into the midbrain periaqueductal gray (PAG) and medullary reticular formation (MRF). Double-labeled neurons were most frequently observed in the lateral part of lamina V, in laminae VII, VIII and X and in the(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate the potential of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB)/poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBHHx) (PHB/PHBHHx) to produce neocartilage upon seeding with differentiated human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). hASCs were grown on a three-dimensional PHB/PHBHHx scaffold in vitro with or without chondrogenic media for 14(More)
Stereotaxic injections of 5% Fast Blue or 1% horseradish peroxidase-wheat germ agglutinin conjugate (HRP-WGA) were made into various cytoarchitectonic or functional regions of the cerebral cortex of anesthetized adult albino or hooded rats. Sections through the brainstems of these animals were then scrutinized for the presence of retrogradely labeled(More)
The nucleoplasm of neurons in the nucleus lateralis of the periqueductal gray matter in the cat contains fibrillar structures which have no limiting membranes. These intranuclear bodies are associated with neither the nucleolus nor the nuclear membrane and have two characteristic forms. The first, the rodlet, is a compact bundle of fibrils 2 to 8 nm in(More)
Attempts were made to determine the cells of origin of the spinal projections to the PAG using retrograde axoplasmic transport techniques of HRP and fluorescent markers. Following injections limited to the lateroventral subnucleus of the PAG, labels were transported to the contralateral laminae I, III, V, VII and X primarily. A striking number of labeled(More)
Neurons of the periaqueductal gray matter of the normal adult cat are classified into seven general types, Ia, Ib, II, IIIa, IIIb, IIIc, and IIId, based on the Golgi-Cox impregnated materials. Types Ia and Ib are spindle shaped bipolar neurons with one straight dendritic process forming varicosities and short stemmed spines. Type Ia is small in size and Ib(More)
The autoradiographic localization of substance P (SP) binding sites and the distribution of SP immunoreactive (SP-ir) neurons in the periaqueductal gray (PAG) of the rat were studied. The autoradiograms revealed an uneven distribution of specific SP binding sites in the PAG. Throughout the rostrocaudal extent, the densest ligand binding sites were observed(More)
The existence of spinal neuron collaterals projecting to the intralaminar thalamic nuclei (ILN) and the periaqueductal gray (PAG) was determined in the rat using double-labeling, fluorescent, retrograde axoplasmic transport techniques. Distinctively double-labeled neurons, although not numerous, were found in the entire extent of the spinal cord. More(More)
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