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The accepted standard treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis consists of medications for disease symptoms, including treatment for acute exacerbations. However, currently there is no therapy that alters the progression of physical disability associated with this disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether interferon beta-1a could slow the(More)
OBJECTIVE We used ultra-high field MRI to visualize cortical lesion types described by neuropathology in 16 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) compared with 8 age-matched controls; to characterize the contrast properties of cortical lesions including T2*, T2, T1, and phase images; and to investigate the relationship between cortical lesion types and(More)
OBJECTIVES Evaluate cross-sectionally the contribution of focal cortical lesion (CL) subtypes at ultra-high-field MRI and traditional MRI metrics of brain damage to neurologic disability and cognitive performance in a heterogeneous multiple sclerosis (MS) cohort. METHODS Thirty-four patients with early or established disease including clinically isolated(More)
We used a surface-based analysis of T2* relaxation rates at 7 T magnetic resonance imaging, which allows sampling quantitative T2* throughout the cortical width, to map in vivo the spatial distribution of intracortical pathology in multiple sclerosis. Ultra-high resolution quantitative T2* maps were obtained in 10 subjects with clinically isolated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of JC virus (JCV) reactivation and JCV-specific cellular immune response during prolonged natalizumab treatment for multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS We enrolled 43 JCV-seropositive MS patients, including 32 on natalizumab monotherapy >18 months, 6 on interferon β-1a monotherapy >36 months, and 5 untreated controls. We(More)
BACKGROUND Brain imaging studies detect abnormalities in normal-appearing white matter in patients with MS. OBJECTIVE To investigate the histopathologic basis for these changes in autopsy tissue from a patient with MS with 9 months' disease duration and a terminal brain stem lesion. METHODS The brain stem and spinal cord were analyzed ultrastructurally(More)
We describe clinical, biochemical, pathological, and spectroscopic findings in 4 women, aged 15 to 29 years, from three unrelated families who had a unique combination of a central nervous system white matter disease and primary ovarian failure. All had normal initial development but 3 had borderline low IQ and academic difficulties in primary school.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if progressive brain atrophy could be detected over 1- and 2-year intervals in relapsing MS, based on annual MR studies from the Multiple Sclerosis Collaborative Research Group (MSCRG) trial of interferon beta-1a (Avonex). METHODS All subjects had mild to moderate disability, with baseline expanded disability status scores ranging(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether immediate initiation of treatment at the time of a clinically isolated syndrome in patients at high risk for clinically definite multiple sclerosis alters disease course over 10 years. DESIGN Prospective follow-up study. SETTING Twenty-four Controlled High-Risk Subjects Avonex Multiple Sclerosis Prevention Study (CHAMPS)(More)
BACKGROUND Demyelination alone may not explain the progressive disability that frequently develops in MS. An alternative explanation for irreversible disability assumes a contribution from axonal injury or loss. In theory, axonal injury may occur in the focal areas characterized by early inflammation, or can be more distant, as in Wallerian degeneration.(More)