R. P. H. Chang

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Dye-sensitized solar cells based on titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) are promising low-cost alternatives to conventional solid-state photovoltaic devices based on materials such as Si, CdTe and CuIn(1-x)Ga(x)Se(2) (refs 1, 2). Despite offering relatively high conversion efficiencies for solar energy, typical dye-sensitized solar cells suffer from durability(More)
We have observed spatial confinement of laser light in micrometer-sized random media. The optical confinement is attributed to the disorder-induced scattering and interference. Our experimental data suggest that coherent amplification of the scattered light enhances the interference effect and helps the spatial confinement. Using the finite-difference(More)
Perylenediimide (PDI)-based acceptors offer a potential replacement for fullerenes in bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs). The most promising efforts have focused on creating twisted PDI dimers to disrupt aggregation and thereby suppress excimer formation. Here, we present an alternative strategy for developing high-performance OPVs(More)
Depositing a pinhole-free perovskite film is of paramount importance to achieve high performance perovskite solar cells, especially in a heterojunction device format that is free of hole transport material (HTM). Here, we report that high-quality pinhole-free CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite film can be controllably deposited via a facile low-temperature (<150 °C)(More)
A semiconductor laser whose cavities are ‘‘self-formed’’ due to strong optical scattering in highly disordered gain media is demonstrated. The lasers are made of zinc oxide polycrystalline films grown on amorphous fused silica substrates. Lasing occurs at an ultraviolet wavelength of ;380 nm under optical pumping. Actual images of the microscopic laser(More)
[*] Prof. T. J. Marks, Prof. A. Facchetti, J. Liu Department of Chemistry and the Materials Research Center Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208 (USA) E-mail: t-marks@northwestern.edu; a-facchetti@northwestern.edu Prof. R. P. H. Chang, Dr. D. B. Buchholz Department of Materials Science and Engineering and the Materials Research(More)
We fabricated two dimensional photonic crystal structures in zinc oxide films with focused ion beam etching. Lasing is realized in the near ultraviolet frequency at room temperature under optical pumping. From the measurement of lasing frequency and spatial profile of the lasing modes, as well as the photonic band structure calculation, we conclude that(More)
Light-matter interaction at the nanoscale is of particular interest for future photonic integrated circuits and devices with applications ranging from communication to sensing and imaging. In this Letter a combination of transient absorption (TA) and the use of third harmonic generation as a probe (THG-probe) has been adopted to investigate the response of(More)