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Retinal vein occlusions are primarily a disease of the elderly, frequently with permanent visual abnormalities. However, both branch and central retinal vein occlusions occur rarely in young individuals. Reported here are a series of retinal vein occlusions in USAF aviators. Seven cases were identified from records of the USAF Armstrong Laboratory(More)
Idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (ICSC) is an uncommon disease with the potential to cause loss of visual acuity, decreased color vision, and decreased depth perception. These visual changes may become permanent and require removal of aviators from flight status. This study reviews 55 eyes of 47 USAF aviators with ICSC examined at the United(More)
Seventy-two Tactical Air Command (TAC) aircrew members completed one full year of soft contact lens (SCL) wear. A daily-wear regimen, using extended-wear lenses, was used to minimize corneal stress. Baseline measurements of visual acuity with SCLs and with spectacles after SCL removal and ocular indicator gradings were compared to measurements at 5-d, 10-d,(More)
A retrospective survey of 5000 active aircrew records was performed at 12 United States Air Force (USAF) bases to obtain information about the prevalence of spectacle wear and refractive error. The data revealed that 27.4% of pilots and 51.5% of navigators/weapons systems operators (Nav/WSO) required spectacles when flying. Of the spectacle-wearing pilots,(More)
Keratoconus causes progressive blurring and distortion of vision, which threatens the career of a military aviator. To assess the impact of keratoconus on flying careers, we reviewed the records of all aviators with keratoconus who have been examined at the United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine over the past 23 years. Of the 22 aviators(More)
This special report was written for USAF vision specialists to use as a guide when prescribing spectacles for military aviators and to extend to the civilian sector the knowledge gained from the USAF experience. Visual correction in aviators presents some unique problems, especially for presbyopes. The demands of each individual aircraft environment need to(More)
We compare the visual results of cataract surgery performed by a military resident with those achieved by civilian surgeons. Upon reviewing the first 47 extracapsular cataract extractions performed by one resident military surgeon, we found that 98% of eyes achieved a final visual acuity of 20/40 or better, and 95% were 20/25 or better. The mean surgically(More)
Retinal detachment is a serious ocular condition, even though 85% can be repaired permanently. Long-term complications include decreased or loss of vision, redetachment, visual field changes, and proliferative vitreoretinpathy. To assess the effect of retinal detachment on flying careers, we reviewed the records of all aviators with a rhegmatogenous retinal(More)