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A patient with a lumbosacral fracture-dislocation is described. This serious injury can easily be missed; it is caused by severe trauma and multiple injuries are often present. Radiological examination should include the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae as well as the pelvis.
The treatment of children suffering from cerebral paresis differs widely from that of children with poliomyelitis, since we deal with active spastic muscles which are influenced by many factors. We discuss these factors and present the results in a series of patients who were operated on with these factors borne in mind.
This is a follow-up study on two series of patients who had their Achilles tendons lengthened. Metal markers were inserted and it was found that the distance between them increased for up to 6 months after surgery.
Bone induction studies on baboons using standard millipore tissue chambers showed that lyophilised bone, bone marrow and thrombocytes (growth factors) are necessary for optimal osteogenesis. The decalcification of bone tissue before transplantation leads to the impairment of new bone growth.
Fractures of the shaft of the ulna are described and a simple classification is proposed. Statistics are analysed in respect of mode of treatment and time of healing, and the unique mechanism of direct trauma is discussed. This survey showed that operative treatment has no place whatsoever in the treatment of these fractures.
Fractures of the neck of the talus are rare in children. A grade I injury in a 5-year-old girl, with apparent bony union at 6 weeks after the accident, confirmed after 4 months, is reported.
During a 1-year period 4 children, aged 4-14 years, suffering from traumatic dislocation of the hip were treated at H. F. Verwoerd Hospital. This is a rare injury and constitutes 0.335% of injuries seen in this unit. Two cases of anterior dislocations, which are even more rare, are included in this study. This article emphasises the importance of this… (More)