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PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of two doses of gefitinib (Iressa [ZD1839]; AstraZeneca, Wilmington, DE), a novel epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with pretreated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS This was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, multicenter phase(More)
DNA fragmentation factor (DFF) functions downstream of caspase-3 and directly triggers DNA fragmentation during apoptosis. Here we described the identification and characterization of DFF35, an isoform of DFF45 comprised of 268 amino acids. Functional assays have shown that only DFF45, not DFF35, can assist in the synthesis of highly active DFF40. Using the(More)
To investigate HLA-linked genetic factors involved in the pathogenesis of Graves' disease, 76 patients and 317 healthy controls in the Japanese population were examined for HLA-A, B, C, DR, and DQ specificities by serologic typing and for HLA-DPB1 alleles by DNA typing by using the PCR-SSOP method. The frequencies of HLA-A2, B46, Cw11, and DPB1*0501 were(More)
We determined the base sequences of the HLA-DPA1 gene from four B-lymphoblastoid cell lines (CB6B, LKT3, AMAI, and T7526) that showed distinct electrophoretic patterns of single-stranded polymerase chain reaction products of the HLA-DPA1 gene. The novel HLA-DPA1 alleles of CB6B, LKT3, AMAI, and T7526 were designated DPA1*02021, DPA1*02022, DPA1*0301, and(More)
CD26, a T cell activation Ag, also known as dipeptidyl peptidase IV, is directly associated with adenosine deaminase (ADA) on the surface of T cells and T cell lines. In the present study, we examined both the binding of ADA and CD26 and the functional consequences of this interaction. We found that ADA was associated with CD26 on T cell lines lacking(More)
Interaction of the HLA-DP9 (DPA1*0201/DPB1*0901) molecule and M protein of serotype 12 (SS95/12) streptococci, a main component of the streptococcal cell wall Ag, has been investigated to decipher peptide-binding capacity and T cell activation in the context of the HLA-DP molecule. Seven antigenic peptides (amino acids 19-25) restricted by the HLA-DP9(More)
Many malignant tumors including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) express or over-express EGFR that have shown correlations with rapid growth, metastases, resistance to conventional chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and poor prognosis. Gefitinib is a potent and selective inhibitor of EGFR tyrosine kinase (EGFRTK). Gefitinib specifically inhibited(More)
The HLA class II genotypes were determined in the B-lymphoblastoid cell lines selected for the Tenth International Histocompatibility Workshop. The HLA class II genes were determined by the PCR-SSOP method using the reagents provided by the Eleventh Histocompatibility Workshop. Additional studies have been performed for further characterization of HLA class(More)
To determine the association of HLA antigens with SLE and the clinical findings of the disease, HLA antigens were tested in 58 Japanese patients with SLE, who fulfilled the ARA diagnostic criteria, along with 97 normal controls. HLA class I and II antigens were typed serologically using the antisera provided by the 11th HLA Workshop. Among the HLA class II(More)
CD26, a 110-kDa cell surface glycoprotein, exhibits dipeptidyl peptidase IV enzyme activity and plays an important role in T cell costimulation. In the present study, we examined both the exact adenosine deaminase (ADA) binding domain on CD26 and the functional consequences of mutated CD26 transfectants that were deficient for cell surface ADA. Using CD26(More)