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A two-dimensional DNA crystal has been designed and constructed from Holliday junction analogues that contain two helical domains twisted relative to each other. The Holliday junction is not an inherently rigid system, but it can be made less flexible if it is combined into a larger construct. We have fused four junctions into a rhombus-like molecule(More)
The crystal structure of the DNA repair enzyme endonuclease III, which recognizes and cleaves DNA at damaged bases, has been solved to 2.0 angstrom resolution with an R factor of 0.185. This iron-sulfur [4Fe-4S] enzyme is elongated and bilobal with a deep cleft separating two similarly sized domains: a novel, sequence-continuous, six-helix domain (residues(More)
E. coli RecA protein and topoisomerase I, acting on superhelical DNA and circular single strands in the presence of ATP and Mg2+, topologically link single-stranded molecules to one another, and single-stranded molecules to duplex DNA. When superhelical DNA is relaxed by prior incubation with topoisomerase, it is a poor substrate for catenation. Extensive(More)
The repair of DNA requires the removal of abasic sites, which are constantly generated in vivo both spontaneously and by enzymatic removal of uracil, and of bases damaged by active oxygen species, alkylating agents and ionizing radiation. The major apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) DNA-repair endonuclease in Escherichia coli is the multifunctional enzyme(More)
The recA protein, which is essential for genetic recombination in E. coli, promotes the homologous pairing of double-stranded DNA and linear single-stranded DNA, thereby forming a three-stranded joint molecule called a D loop. Single-stranded DNA stimulates recA protein to unwind double-stranded DNA. By a presumably related mechanism, recA protein promoted(More)
RecA protein makes stable joint molecules from fully duplex DNA and molecules that are partially single-stranded; the latter may be either duplex molecules with an internal gap in one strand or molecules with single-stranded ends. Stable joint molecules form only when the end of at least one strand is in a homologous region. When RecA protein pairs linear(More)
Single-stranded DNA, whether homologous or not, stimulates purified Escherichia coli recA protein to unwind duplex DNA. This helps to explain how recA promotes a search for homology in genetic recombination. As oligodeoxynucleotide also stimulate unwinding, a common mechanism may relate the function of recA protein in recombination to other functions (SOS)(More)
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