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The intensity of negative feedback of androgens on hypothalamo-hypophyseal activity was compared in two groups of castrated rams under 8.00 or 16.00 h of daily illumination respectively following a conditioning period. In experiment I, two groups of 15 rams under each light photoperiod were slaughtered at different times after a 200 mg testosterone(More)
Blood was collected hourly for 24 h in December, February, April, June and September from Préalpes du sud and Ile-de-France rams. Coincidence of the LH and testosterone peaks was found for 96.4% of a total of 670 LH peaks and 647 testosterone peaks. The number of LH and testosterone peaks increased by 66% in Ile-de-France rams and 200% in Préalpes du Sud(More)
Seasonality of the reproductive cycle in sheep is a general phenomenon for mid-latitude breeds. The proximal part (breeding season) and also partially distal part (end of gestation and beginning of lactation) of this cycle is controlled by photoperiod, whatever the form of light regimens. Data are presented which indicate that male and female do not(More)
The influence of variations in the duration of light photoperiod on LH release has been studied in intact and castrated rams submitted to a 6 months "annual" light rhythm. Blood was collected once a month and the plasma LH levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. In intact rams, the LH level is decreased when the light photoperiod is increased, but as(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the influence of photoperiod on growth hormone (GH) secretion in rams and its possible influence on body weight. Twenty young adult rams were divided into two groups. One was subjected to an annual (AR) and the other to a semestral (SR) light regime during the same 18-month period. In both groups, daylength (DL) varied(More)
The control of seasonal reproductive activity in sheep and goats in open sheds, needs extra-light (E) during the photosensitive phase (equivalent to long days, LD), followed by treatment with melatonin (equivalent to short days, SD). In autumn-born Ile-de-France or Lacaune ram lambs, 2 months of E followed by decreasing daylength for 90 days, advanced onset(More)
The time of appearance of plasma LH and testosterone peaks through the day determined in 75 Préalpes du Sud and 41 Ile-de-France rams in December and in 44 Préalpes du Sud and 11 Ile-de-France rams in June. The distribution of peaks throughout the day was non-random for the two hormones in the two breeds and for both times of the year (P less than 0.01 at(More)