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Although a great deal of experimental evidence supports the notion of a Reichardt correlator as a mechanism for biological motion detection, the correlator does not signal true image velocity. This study examines the accuracy with which realistic Reichardt correlators can provide velocity estimates in an organism's natural visual environment. The(More)
In order to assess the relative contributions to pattern-generation of the intrinsic properties of individual neurons and of their connectivity, we examined a ring circuit composed of four complex physiologically based oscillators. This circuit produced patterns that correspond to several quadrupedal gaits, including the walk, the bound, and the gallop. An(More)
Canavier et al. (1997) used phase response curves (PRCs) of individual oscillators to characterize the possible modes of phase-locked entrainment of an N-oscillator ring network. We extend this work by developing a mathematical criterion to determine the local stability of such a mode based on the PRCs. Our method does not assume symmetry; neither the(More)
We have developed a three-dimensional simulation algorithm based on fast marching method that mimics the etching behavior of chalcogenide photoresists, especially for maskless interference lithography. This lithography exposure is characterized by continuous variation of the exposure intensity inside the photoresist, without step like variation.(More)
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