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BACKGROUND The therapeutic effect of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may be affected by the metabolism of the drug in the target organ. We investigated the in vitro metabolism of beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP), budesonide (BUD), ciclesonide (CIC), and fluticasone propionate (FP) in human lung precision-cut tissue slices. CIC, a new generation ICS, is(More)
OBJECTIVE Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) are resource intensive, not practical as teaching tools, and their reliability depends on evaluators. Computer-based case simulations ("virtual patients", VP) have been advocated as useful and reliable tools for teaching clinical skills and evaluating competence. We have developed an internet-based VP system(More)
Asthma continues to be a global health problem and currently available treatments such as corticosteroids can cause unwanted side effects. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are recommended as first-line therapy for reducing airway inflammation and have a distinct advantage over oral preparations as they provide a direct route of delivery to the lungs. However,(More)
Ciclesonide is a novel corticosteroid (CS) for the treatment of asthma and allergic rhinitis. After administration, the parent compound ciclesonide is converted by intracellular airway esterases to its pharmacologically active metabolite desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC). We investigated the in vitro activation of ciclesonide and further esterification of(More)
Ciclesonide is an inhaled corticosteroid, administered as a prodrug via a metered-dose inhaler. Following deposition in the lung, ciclesonide is hydrolysed by esterases to form the pharmacologically active metabolite desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC). Formation of des-CIC, as well as reversible esterification of des-CIC with fatty acids, has been(More)
BACKGROUND Ciclesonide is a novel inhaled corticosteroid for the treatment of airway inflammation. In this study we investigated uptake and in vitro metabolism of ciclesonide in human alveolar type II epithelial cells (A549). Ciclesonide uptake was compared with fluticasone propionate, an inhaled corticosteroid that is not metabolized in lung tissue. A549(More)
Teduglutide is a recombinant analogue of human glucagon-like peptide-2 that has recently been approved for the treatment of short bowel syndrome in adults. This study was designed to study the influence of renal function and age on teduglutide pharmacokinetics. This was an open-label study with six parallel groups (6 subjects each). Three groups with renal(More)
BACKGROUND Ciclesonide is an inhaled corticosteroid administered by a metered dose inhaler (MDI) to treat bronchial asthma. After inhalation, the inactive ciclesonide is converted by esterases in the airways to active metabolite desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC). AIM To compare the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of des-CIC in children after(More)
BACKGROUND The nasal tissue uptake and metabolism of ciclesonide, a new-generation corticosteroid under investigation for treatment of allergic rhinitis, to its active metabolite, desisobutyryl-ciclesonide (des-CIC), was evaluated when administered to rabbits in a hypotonic versus an isotonic ciclesonide suspension. Nasal mucosa extracts from normal(More)
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