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In adult ferrets, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) responsive to increased (On) or decreased (Off) illumination convey information to different cellular layers of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN). These dLGN sublaminae emerge during development when RGCs are found to undergo correlated spontaneous bursting activity. Using Ca2+ imaging and(More)
Aspartic proteases (EC3.4.23) are a group of proteolytic enzymes of the pepsin family that share the same catalytic apparatus and usually function in acid solutions. This latter aspect limits the function of aspartic proteases to some specific locations in different organisms; thus the occurrence of aspartic proteases is less abundant than other groups of(More)
The zinc-binding proteins (ZnBPs) in porcine brain were characterized by the radioactive zinc-blot technique. Three ZnBPs of molecular weights about 53 kDa, 42 kDa, and 21 kDa were identified. The 53 kDa and 42 kDa ZnBPs were found in all subcellular fractions while the 21 kDa ZnBP was mainly associated with particulate fractions. This 21 kDa ZnBP was(More)
In order to carry out studies on structure and function relationships of porcine pepsinogen using site-directed mutagenesis approaches, the cDNA of this zymogen was cloned, sequenced, expressed in Escherichia coli, and the protein refolded, and purified to homogeneity. Porcine pepsinogen cDNA, obtained from a lambda gt10 cDNA library of porcine stomach(More)
The amino acid sequences at the "proteolytic processing regions" of cathepsin Ds have been determined for the enzymes from cows, pigs, and rats in order to deduce the sites of cleavage as well as the function of the proteolytic processing of cathepsin D. For bovine cathepsin D, the "processing region" sequence was determined from a peptide isolated from the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) extracted from the deep rough mutant of Escherichia coli D31m4 was disaggregated with 0.1 M EDTA, pH 7.0, and fractionated on a diethylaminoethyl-cellulose column to yield the biphosphate form of LPS. After methylation, the derivative was purified by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography using a C18-bonded silica(More)
We have investigated the neurite growth-stimulating properties of euxanthone, a xanthone derivative isolated from the Chinese medicinal plant Polygala caudata. Euxanthone was shown to exert a marked stimulatory action on neurite outgrowth from chick embryo dorsal root ganglia explanted in collagen gels, in the absence of added neurotrophins. It was also(More)
Localization of pepsinogens I and II mRNA in the human gastric mucosa was investigated by an in situ hybridization method using digoxigenin-labeled cDNA probes. Gastric fundic mucosa from healthy volunteers, which was stained with digoxigenin-labeled pepsinogens I and II cDNA probes, showed positive staining in the cytoplasm of both chief cells and mucous(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of an aspartic protease from Rhizopus chinensis, rhizopuspepsin isozyme pI 5, has been determined. Partial sequences were first obtained from the isolated isozyme by a combination of chemical and proteolytic enzyme cleavages, peptide purifications, and Edman degradations. About one-half of the sequence was revealed by this(More)
Ginsenoside-Rb1 (Rb1), one of the bioactive components in ginseng extract, is recently reported to be able to promote adipogenesis and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) expression. Meanwhile, microRNA-27b (miR-27b) is also identified to regulate adipogenesis by targeting PPARγ2. In the present study, we attempted to link up the(More)