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The commonest intracellular organelle characteristic of the Phylum Cnidaria or Coelenterata (Subclass Zoantharia) is the spirocyst. Based on scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the tentacles of sea anemones and corals, it appears that the tip of the spirocyst is either exposed to the environment or covered by a thin plasma membrane and often(More)
TEM observations of catch tentacles revealed that the tentacle tip epidermis is filled with two size classes of mature holotrich nematocysts and a gland cell filled with electron-dense vesicles. Vesicle production is restricted to upper-middle and tentacle tip regions, whereas holotrich development occurs in the lower-middle and tentacle base regions. Thus,(More)
The electron-dense capsule tip (apical cap) of sea anemone and coral spirocysts is of a different structure than the capsule wall. The capsule wall is composed of a double layer of fiber-like materials which cross each other at roughly right angles. The innermost layer is characterized by numerous serrations, the tips of which project into the lumen of the(More)
The mature nematocyst lies just beneath the cnidodyte plasma membrane. A microtubule array surrounds the nematocyst capsule just beneath the capsule tip. We propose that the array helps to hold the capsule at the cnidocyte cell surface until discharge. The undischarged capsule tip is sealed by three apical flaps, joined together along complex radial seams.(More)
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