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To address the isoenzyme-specific involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) in breast cancer biology, hormone-responsive MCF-7 breast cancer cells were infected with either PKC-alpha or -beta 1 cDNAs subcloned in the retroviral expression vector pMV7. Several stable clones of PKC-overexpressing cells were generated. Western analysis revealed cross-regulation(More)
The mechanism by which transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) stimulates breast cancer cell proliferation is largely unknown. Furthermore, its potential role as an autocrine effector of estradiol-17 beta (E2)-stimulated growth of hormone-dependent mammary tumors remains controversial. Transient changes in phosphatidylinositol (PI) turnover have been(More)
In order to evaluate the potential role of calcium as an intracellular messenger for IGF-I and TGF-alpha action on breast cancer cell proliferation, we determined whether these growth factors induce any change in [Ca2+]i using fura-2 loaded cells. The hormone independent BT-20 and MDA-MB-231 cells were refractory to the mitogenic actions of exogenously(More)
Studies were carried out to determine the effect of PRL on the metabolic fate of 32PO4 in cultured mammary gland explants derived from 12 to 14-day pregnant mice. Explants were initially cultured for 24-36 h with 10(-7) M cortisol and 1 microgram/ml insulin. PRL (1 microgram/ml) was then added to certain of the cultures and incubation continued for 2-24 h.(More)
p-Bromphenacyl bromide (BPB) at concentrations of 50 microM and above and quinacrine (50 microM) abolished the actions of prolactin (PRL) on casein and lipid biosynthesis in cultured mouse mammary gland explants. In cultured rabbit mammary gland explants, 100 microM BPB or quinacrine abolished the PRL stimulation of casein synthesis, while 50 microM BPB or(More)
Gossypol, a drug which has been shown to be an inhibitor of kinase C activity in mouse mammary tissues, is shown to abolish several of the actions of prolactin in cultured mouse mammary gland explants. The prolactin effects that are abolished include its stimulatory effects on ornithine decarboxylase activity, the rate of [3H]uridine incorporation into RNA,(More)
The effect of prolactin on [3H]inositol metabolism in cultured mouse mammary gland explants derived from 12-14-day pregnant mice was determined. In mammary gland explants that were prelabeled by culturing the tissues with 3 microCi/ml myo-[3H]inositol for 48 h, the levels of 3H in inositol derivatives were determined. The temporal effect of prolactin on the(More)
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