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Wee1 is a protein kinase that negatively regulates p34cdc2 kinase activity. We have identified a Saccharomyces cerevisiae wee1 homolog encoded by the SWE1 gene. SWE1 overexpression arrests cells in G2 with short spindles whereas deletion of SWE1 did not alter the cell cycle but did eliminate the G2 delay observed in mih1- mutants. Swe1 immunoprecipitates(More)
wee1 acts antagonistically to cdc25 in the tyrosine dephosphorylation and activation of cdc2, yet biochemical evidence suggests that wee1 is not required for tyrosine phosphorylation and its role is obscure. We show here that a related 66 kd kinase, called mik1, acts redundantly with wee1 in the negative regulation of cdc2 in S. pombe. A null allele of mik1(More)
cdc25 controls the activity of the cyclin-p34cdc2 complex by regulating the state of tyrosine phosphorylation of p34cdc2. Drosophila cdc25 protein from two different expression systems activates inactive cyclin-p34cdc2 and induces M phase in Xenopus oocytes and egg extracts. We find that the cdc25 sequence shows weak but significant homology to a(More)
The lack of functional p53 in many cancer cells offers a therapeutic target for treatment. Cells lacking p53 would not be anticipated to demonstrate a G(1) checkpoint and would depend on the G(2) checkpoint to permit DNA repair prior to undergoing mitosis. We hypothesized that the G(2) checkpoint abrogator could preferentially kill p53-inactive cancer cells(More)
Activation of the Cdc2.cyclin B kinase is a pivotal step of mitotic initiation. This step is mediated principally by the dephosphorylation of residues threonine 14 (Thr14) and tyrosine 15 (Tyr15) on the Cdc2 catalytic subunit. In several organisms homologs of the Wee1 kinase have been shown to be the major activity responsible for phosphorylating the Tyr15(More)
The products of the cdc13+ and cdc2+ genes form a stable complex that displays protein kinase activity in vitro. p63cdc13 is a substrate of p34cdc2, the catalytic subunit of the kinase. The histone H1 kinase activity of cdc2 oscillates during the cell cycle. Activation of the preformed cdc2/cdc13 complex at the G2/M transition requires cdc25+ gene function.(More)
A cold-sensitive (cs) allele of cdc2, a gene that acts in both the G1 and G2 phases of the fission yeast cell cycle, has been isolated by classical mutagenesis. Further mutagenesis of a cdc2cs strain yielded an extragenic suppressor that rescued the cs cell cycle defect but simultaneously conferred a temperature-sensitive (ts) cdc phenotype. This suppressor(More)
Wee1 protein kinase plays an important regulatory role in cell cycle progression. It inhibits Cdc-2 activity by phosphorylating Tyr15 and arrests cells at G2-M phase. In an attempt to understand Wee1 regulation during cell cycle, yeast two-hybrid screening was used to identify Wee1-binding protein(s). Five of the eight positive clones identified encode(More)
A cdc2-3w weel-50 double mutant of fission yeast displays a temperature-sensitive lethal phenotype that is associated with gross abnormalities of chromosome segregation and has been termed mitotic catastrophe. In order to identify new genetic elements that might interact with the cdc2 protein kinase in the regulation of mitosis, we have isolated revertants(More)
The cdc2+ gene of Schizosaccharomyces pombe is homologous to the CDC28 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both genes share limited homology with vertebrate protein kinases and have protein kinase activity. cdc2+ has been subjected to mutagenesis in vitro. A null allele of the gene, constructed by insertion of the S. cerevisiae LEU2 gene into a site within(More)