Learn More
Two simian immunodeficiency virus strain mac (SIVmac)/human immunodeficiency virus type 1(HIV-1) chimeric viruses (SHIVs), designated NM-3 and NM-3n, with env derived from HIV-1 and defective vpr (plus defective nef for NM-3), were inoculated into seven macaques. These macaques were transiently or persistently infected and most of them produced long-lasting(More)
Low power wireless sensor networks provide a new monitoring and control capability for civil and military applications in transportation, manufacturing, biomedical, environmental management, and safety and security systems. Wireless microsensor network nodes, operating at average and peak power levels constrained by compact power sources, offer a range of(More)
Background. Unloading stress induces skeletal muscle atrophy. We have reported that Cbl-b ubiquitin ligase is a master regulator of unloading-associated muscle atrophy. The present study was designed to elucidate whether dietary soy glycinin protein prevents denervation-mediated muscle atrophy, based on the presence of inhibitory peptides against Cbl-b(More)
Peripheral blood T lymphocytes of Old World monkeys, rhesus and cynomolgus monkey (Macaca mulatta and Macaca fascicularis, respectively), were successfully immortalized by infection with Herpesvirus saimiri subtype C. The T cell lines were stably cultured without addition of exogenous IL-2. The STP-C488 protein, the oncogene product of subtype C strain(More)
Dietary flavonoids, such as quercetin, have long been recognized to protect blood vessels from atherogenic inflammation by yet unknown mechanisms. We have previously discovered the specific localization of quercetin-3-O-glucuronide (Q3GA), a phase II metabolite of quercetin, in macrophage cells in the human atherosclerotic lesions, but the biological(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a complex disease that is characterized by the defection of insulin sensitivity in such peripheral tissues as skeletal muscle, adipose tissue and liver. We have previously demonstrated that certain inositol derivatives stimulated glucose uptake accompanied by the translocation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) to the plasma membrane in(More)
Natural infection with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) is known to occur in the African green monkey (AGM). The actual onset of the disease has not been recognized in SIVagm infected AGM, and the precise reason for such apathogenicity in the AGM remains unclear. We reported previously that AGM peripheral CD4 lymphocytes underwent a peculiar(More)
Deficiency of the Cbl-b ubiquitin ligase gene activates macrophages in mice. This study aimed to elucidate the pathophysiological roles of macrophages in muscle degeneration/regeneration in Cbl-b-deficient mice. We examined immune cell infiltration and cytokine expression in cardiotoxin-injected tibialis anterior muscle of Cbl-b-deficient mice. Ablation of(More)
We reported previously that in African green monkey (AGM) CD4 lymphocytes, CD4 mRNA expression undergoes a decrease following in vitro activation, and CD4 cells are therefore subject to loss of CD4 expression on the cell surface. To examine the transcriptional regulation of the CD4 gene in this species. we analyzed the CD4 silencer, which has been(More)
A DGpYMP peptide mimetic of tyrosine(608)-phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), named Cblin, was previously shown to significantly inhibit Cbl-b-mediated IRS-1 ubiquitination. In the present study, we developed N-myristoylated Cblin and investigated whether it was effective in preventing glucocorticoid-induced muscle atrophy. Using HEK293(More)