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Zygosity diagnosis has been performed in 79 pairs of twins using three methods. Simple sequence repeat length polymorphism (SSLP) analysis allows an efficient classification (MZ or DZ) with only a few markers following a simplified technique of extraction and amplification. A method based on a full questionnaire completed by parents about twin similarity(More)
The sexual dimorphism of aggression has led to a search for its Y chromosomal correlates. We have previously confirmed that initiation of attack behavior against a conspecific male is Y-dependent in two strains of laboratory mice (NZB and CBA/H). We provide evidence that the non-pseudoautosomal region of the Y is not involved and that only the(More)
Embryo cryopreservation does not induce clear-cut anomalies at detectable rates, but several mechanisms exist for nonlethal damage during the freeze-thaw process, and the risk of moderate or delayed consequences has not been extensively investigated. In a long-term study including senescence, we compared cryopreserved and control mice for several(More)
We have produced transgenic mice using the mouse placental lactogen type II promoter to force and restrict the expression of the mouse major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecule, H-2K(b), to the placenta. We show that the transgenic MHC antigen H-2K(b) is expressed exclusively in trophoblast giant cells from Day 10.5 until the end of gestation.(More)
The implication of the sex-specific part of the Y-chromosome (YS-SP) on brain serotonin (5-HT) level was investigated using congenic strains for this chromosomal region. The 5-HT level, which was higher in the NZB than in the CBA/H strain of mice, was depleted by the transfer of the YS-SP from NZB on CBA/H whereas the transfer of the YS-SP from CBA/H on NZB(More)
Young adult males of the inbred mouse strains BALB/c, C57BL/6, CBA, C3H/He, and the outbred strain NMRI showed significant interstrain differences for isolation-induced aggression as measured in a standard-opponent test. Additionally, four related inbred strains of common origin (ABG, AB//Halle, ABB, AB//Jena) were studied. ABG and AB//Halle showed nearly(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine whether the Ity gene, which controls the resistance to S. typhimurium infection in mice, also governs the resistance to S. abortusovis, a serotype specific for goat and sheep. During either i.v. or i.p. infection, BALB/c mice (Itys) were not able to control the growth of S. abortusovis and eventually died from(More)
In the rat, the autosomal recessive toothless (t1) mutation exhibits an acute form of osteopetrosis. This gene is not an allele of either ia or op that causes respectively, a transitory and acute form of the disease. Comparative radiographic study of t1/t1 and op/op mutants reveals some differences in respect to the size and shape of long bones. In contrast(More)
In order to test for the presence of genes influencing morphology on the Y-chromosome of mice, a canonical discriminant analysis of variation in mandible shape was conducted in 4 inbred strains of mice and 4 Y-chromosome congenic partners. Genetic background-dependent differences were observed, as well as a small sex variation in some strains, but it was(More)