R. Mohnhaupt

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UNLABELLED Weddell seals undergo lung collapse during dives below 50 m depth. In order to explore the physiological mechanisms contributing to restoring lung volume and gas exchange after surfacing, we studied ventilatory parameters in three Weddell seals between dives from an isolated ice hole on McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. METHODS Lung volumes and CO(2)(More)
In order to quantitate the contribution of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) to the diuresis of left atrial distension 52 experiments have been performed in 12 conscious, chronically instrumented beagle dogs. Left atrial pressure was increased by a reversible mitral stenosis by about 10 cm H2O (1.0 kPa) for 60 min. Plasma ADH concentration (range between 1.3(More)
Conscious, chronically instrumented dogs (n=24; left and right atrial catheter, electromagnetic flow probe around the left renal artery, carotid loop) were used in 97 expts. to study mechanisms mediating postprandial (pp) excretion of sodium and water up to at least 180 min after food intake. The dogs were kept under standardized conditions and maintained(More)
Conscious, chronically instrumented dogs, maintained on a high sodium intake, were used to investigate whether surgical cardiac denervation impairs the natriuresis associated with left atrial pressure increase produced in three ways: during an increase in left atrial pressure by means of a reversible mitral stenosis (protocol 1); after an i.v. saline load(More)
An experimental elevation of left atrial pressure (eLAP ↑) by means of a reversible mitral stenosis is accompanied with an increase in sodium excretion (UNa—) and arterial blood pressure (by about 20 mm Hg, 2.7 kPa), and by a decrease in plasma renin activity. It is well established that an increase in renal perfusion pressure (Pren) can augment UNa—.(More)
An experimental increase in left atrial pressure (eLAP↗) leads to an increase in sodium excretion (UNa $$\dot V$$ ). This ‘atrial natriuresis’ is probably involved in the adjustment of sodium balance, but the mechanism is not well understood. The present studies were undertaken to examine 1. the influence of eLAP↗ on plasma renin activity (PRA) and UNa(More)
Measurements were made with radioactive microspheres of the distribution of renal blood flow in conscious dogs during left atrial distension. Urine volume, sodium excretion, mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate increased during the 60 min period of left atrial distension (increase in left atrial pressure by about 1.0 kPa). Total renal blood flow and(More)
The airway occlusion pressure, P0.1, is the negative airway pressure generated during the first 100 msec of an occluded inspiration. P0.1 is a parameter for the neuro-muscular activation of the respiratory system, which is an important determinant for the work of breathing. It has been shown to be a good predictor for successful weaning from mechanical(More)
With the 3 applied methods one can investigate and obtain most of the interesting aspects of the flow within blood pumps: an integral picture of the flow, the development and position of stagnation flow, the time course of the velocity in points of special interest, the turbulence, and an integral picture of the mean boundary layer flow. The measurements(More)