R. Michael Sramkoski

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A cell line has been derived from a human prostatic carcinoma xenograft, CWR22R. This represents one of very few available cell lines representative of this disease. The cell line is derived from a xenograft that was serially propagated in mice after castration-induced regression and relapse of the parental, androgen-dependent CWR22 xenograft. Flow(More)
BACKGROUND The Duffy (Fy) blood group (also known as Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines, or DARC) may be involved in regulation of the level of circulating proinflammatory chemokines, and it is an obligatory receptor on RBCs for the human malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Because quantification of Fy expression by using RBCs(More)
The complex life cycle of Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) makes it difficult to limit infections and reduce the risk of severe malaria. Improved understanding of Pf blood-stage growth and development would provide new opportunities to evaluate and interfere with successful completion of the parasite's life cycle. Cultured blood stage Pf was incubated with(More)
The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system plays an important role in mediating a G2-M checkpoint arrest and subsequent cell death following treatment with a variety of chemotherapeutic agents. In this study, using 6-thioguanine (6-TG) as a mismatch-inducing drug, we examine the role of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM)/CHK2 and ATM and Rad-3 related (ATR)/CHK1(More)
The timing of DNA synthesis, mitosis and cell division is regulated by a complex network of biochemical reactions that control the activities of a family of cyclin-dependent kinases. The temporal dynamics of this reaction network is typically modeled by nonlinear differential equations describing the rates of the component reactions. This approach provides(More)
p53-dependent G(1) and G(2) cell cycle checkpoints are activated in response DNA damage that help to maintain genomic stability. p53 also helps to protect cells from damage that occurs during S phase, for example, when the cells are starved for DNA precursors or irradiated with a low dose of UV. p53 is activated in normal cells starved for pyrimidine(More)
Cyclin B1 should have some rate limiting function for cell cycle progression. To test this, we measured the effect of siRNA-mediated depletion of cyclin B1 on mitotic entry and timing. We depleted cyclin B1 in HeLa and hTert-RPE1 cells to levels equivalent or below those achieved in the telophase-to-G(1) window. Average cyclin B1/Cdk1 activity was measured(More)
A simple flow cytometric method (FCM) for measuring phagocytosis of Staphylococcus aureus by human neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocytes [PMNs]) is described. This assay utilizes 100 microliters of EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood and a simplified method of fluorescently labeling bacteria. A commercially available whole-blood lysing reagent allows for(More)
OBJECTIVE Cyclosporin A (CsA), effective in prophylaxis and treatment of graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) after human allogeneic transplantation, blunts T-cell responses by inhibiting nuclear factor of activated T cells-1 (NFAT1) activation. This laboratory has shown that NFAT1 protein expression is severely reduced in human UCB (umbilical cord blood) T cells.(More)
OBJECTIVE A favorable incidence and severity of graft-vs-host disease is observed in patients transplanted with banked, unrelated, HLA-mismatched umbilical cord blood (UCB) grafts, while the incidence of malignant relapse remains low. CTLA-4 mediates negative T-cell signaling and may contribute to the development of allogeneic tolerance. In this study, we(More)