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The structural variability of lateral ventricles is poorly understood notwithstanding that enlarged size has been identified as an unspecific marker for psychiatric illness, including schizophrenia. This paper explores the effects of heritability and genetic risk for schizophrenia reflected in ventricular size and structure. We examined ventricular size and(More)
The first aim of this pilot study was to determine if longitudinal change in caudate volume could be detected in chronic schizophrenic patients after 12 weeks of atypical antipsychotic treatment. A sub-aim of the first aim was to determine if similar results could be obtained from an operator-assisted segmentation tool for volumetric imaging (ITK-SNAP) and(More)
The purpose of this pilot study was to: (1) determine if regional brain volume change occurs in schizophrenia patients during very short periods of withdrawal from, or stable treatment with, antipsychotics, and; (2) compare results of region-of-interest (ROI) to voxel-based morphometry (VBM) methods. In two small groups of schizophrenic inpatients, magnetic(More)
UNLABELLED Caudate and hippocampal volume differences in patients with schizophrenia are associated with disease and antipsychotic treatment, but local shape alterations have not been thoroughly examined. Schizophrenia patients randomly assigned to haloperidol and olanzapine treatment underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3, 6, and 12 months. The(More)
1. Subjects with schizophrenia have an impairment very early in visual information processing, requiring a longer minimal stimulus duration than normal controls to identify a target stimulus. Subjects with schizophrenia have a deficit in visual backward masking, identifying fewer target stimuli than normal controls when the target is briefly obscured by a(More)
We used L-(quinoxalin-6-ylcarbonyl)piperidine (CX516) (a modulator of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxasole propionic acid (AMPA) receptor) as a sole agent in a double blind placebo-controlled design in a small series of patients with schizophrenia who were partially refractory to treatment with traditional neuroleptics. The study entailed weekly(More)
1. When an informational stimulus, the target, is followed closely in time by a non-informational stimulus, the mask, the visual system's processing of the informational stimulus is disturbed. This disturbance is known as backward visual masking. 2. Transient and sustained visual pathways detect different characteristics of a visual stimulus, at different(More)
1. Subjects with schizoaffective disorder have an impairment in early visual information processing known as backward masking. 2. Backward masking studies in schizoaffective disorder have not established if the deficit: is state- or trait-related; is associated with negative symptoms or neuroleptic treatment; or is partially attributable to lithium(More)