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The recent discovery that brain PGP 9.5 is a ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase suggests that the role of this protein should be studied in relation to ubiquitinated cellular inclusions characteristic of several chronic human degenerative diseases. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-processed sections known to contain ubiquitin-protein conjugate immunoreactivity(More)
We purified by fractionation on 10-40% glycerol gradients, 26S proteasomes from normal human spermatozoa. These proteasomes, which participate in the ATP-dependent degradation of ubiquitinated proteins, share a similar sedimentation coefficient to those purified from other human tissues. Fluorogenic peptide assays reveal they have chymotrypsin, trypsin and(More)
BACKGROUND Similarities as well as differences in higher order chromatin arrangements of human cell types were previously reported. For an evolutionary comparison, we now studied the arrangements of chromosome territories and centromere regions in six mouse cell types (lymphocytes, embryonic stem cells, macrophages, fibroblasts, myoblasts and myotubes) with(More)
Using an immunocytochemical method to localise antibodies to ubiquitin, filamentous inclusion bodies were seen in spinal anterior horn neurones in cases of motor neurone disease (MND) but not in any control cases. These inclusion bodies appeared to be closely associated with classical Bunina bodies and immuno-electron microscopy suggested that they were(More)
Upon endocytosis, most oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) accumulate in vesicular compartments; a tiny number of them cross the vesicle membrane, reach the cytosol and by passive diffusion enter the nucleus where they are entrapped. So far, the compartment in which an antisense ODN interacts with its mRNA target has not been precisely characterized. In an attempt(More)
Although there is intense activity towards identifying novel biomarkers for cancers, especially those for early detection , it is not clear whether we already have too many biomarkers described in the literature. Given that there is no central repository of data pertaining to any cancer, it is difficult to estimate if we have too many proteins described as(More)
Fifteen cases of diffuse Lewy body disease were identified in a systematic survey of all 216 brains referred to this hospital from a single health district in a single year. These cases presented with Parkinson's disease (40%), cognitive impairment (40%) and both (20%). Quantitative neuropathological studies using anti-ubiquitin immunocytochemistry revealed(More)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD) neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) are strongly tau and ubiquitin immunopositive, and contain an aberrant form of ubiquitin derived from the ubiquitin-B gene denoted as UBB+1. We explored whether the tau-related NFT seen in another neurodegenerative disease, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), also showed an accumulation of UBB+1.(More)
Diffuse Lewy body disease is an important pathological substrate of the common syndrome of parkinsonian dementia. The new technique of anti-ubiquitin immunocytochemistry has been used in a correlative quantitative neuropathological study of fifteen cases of diffuse Lewy body disease, showing that the severity of dementia is related to cortical Lewy body(More)