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Respiratory and otitis isolates of 807 Streptococcus pneumoniae, 816 Haemophilus influenzae and 446 Moraxella catarrhalis were collected from 21 clinical microbiology laboratories for antimicrobial susceptibility testing in 1995. After a period of relative stability in 1981 and 1987-1990, beta-lactamase production increased in H. influenzae. Among middle(More)
Enterobacteria in fecal flora are often reported to be highly resistant. Escherichia coli is the main species; resistance data on other species are rare. To assess the effect of the host's environment, antimicrobial resistance was determined in fecal species of the family Enterobacteriaceae from three populations: healthy people (HP)(n = 125) with no(More)
Respiratory viruses cause seasonal epidemics every year. Several respiratory pathogens are circulating simultaneously and typical symptoms of different respiratory infections are alike, meaning it is challenging to identify and diagnose different respiratory pathogens based on symptoms alone. mariPOC® is an automated, multianalyte antigen test which allows(More)
The performance of disk diffusion testing of Haemophilus influenzae was evaluated in 20 laboratories. Thirteen disk-medium-breakpoint-inoculum modifications were used in Finnish clinical microbiology laboratories. The performance of various methods was evaluated by testing a susceptible control strain and one with non-beta-lactamase-mediated ampicillin(More)
A routine disc diffusion method for detecting antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae was evaluated in 20 clinical microbiology laboratories. Fifty consecutive clinical isolates were tested by disc diffusion in each laboratory, and collected for MIC determinations. Participating laboratories used three disc types and several media; altogether 17(More)
Significant changes were observed in the measured resistance levels of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus when the Biodisk disk susceptibility test method used in 1992 was replaced with another commercial method, Oxoid. For example, when non-species-specific breakpoints were used, the frequency of cephalotin-resistant E. coli was 12% of all isolates(More)
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