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A cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genomic clone encompassing a 17.9-kb DNA fragment was found to contain a delta-12 fatty acid desaturase gene (designated FAD2-4). The FAD2-4 open reading frame has 1,155bp and is uninterrupted, encoding a conceptual FAD2-4 polypeptide of 384 amino acids that has 98% identity with the cotton FAD2-3 polypeptide. The FAD2-4(More)
Two overlapping genomic clones spanning 16.5 kb of cotton DNA were found to encompass a Delta-12 fatty acid desaturase (FAD2-3) gene. A partial FAD2-3 cDNA clone was also analyzed. The FAD2-3 gene has one large intron of 2967 bp entirely within its 5'-untranslated region, only 12 bp upstream from the ATG initiation codon. Several potential promoter(More)
The relatively high level of palmitic acid (22 mol%) in cotton seeds may be due in part to a palmitoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) thioesterase (PATE), which prefers C16:0-ACP as its substrate. In embryo extracts, PATE activity was highest at the maximum rate of reserve accumulation (oil and protein), occurring about 30-35 d post anthesis. Thioesterase(More)
A human genomic DNA clone hybridizing to mammalian valine tRNA(IAC) contained a cluster of three tRNA genes. Two valine tRNA genes with anticodons of AAC and CAC, encoding the major and minor cytoplasmic valine tRNA isoacceptors, respectively, and a lysine tRNA(CUU) gene were identified by Southern blot hybridization and DNA sequence analysis of a 7.1-kb(More)
A bacteriophage lambda clone containing a 20-kb human DNA segment was isolated and found to harbor a cluster of four tRNA genes. An 8.2-kb HindIII subfragment encompassing the genes was cloned into pBR322 for restriction mapping and DNA sequence analysis. The genes were found to be arranged as two tandem pairs, separated by 3 kb. A proline tRNAAGG gene is(More)
A cluster of three tRNA genes encoding a tRNA(UGUThr), a tRNA(UGGPro), and a tRNA(AACVal), and two Alu-elements occur in a 6.0-kb human DNA fragment. The tRNA(Thr) gene is 2.7-kb upstream from the tRNA(Pro) gene, which is separated by 367 bp from the tRNA(Val) gene. One Alu-element actually overlaps the tRNA(Val) gene and is of opposite polarity to all(More)
The nucleotide sequence of tyrosine tRNAQ* psi A from bovine liver was determined to be pC-C-U-U-C-m2G-A-U-A-m2G-C-U-C-A-G-D-D-G-G-acp3U-A-G-A -G-C-m22G-m22G -A-G-G-A-C-U-Q*-psi-A-m1G-A-psi m-C-C-U-U-A-G-m7G-D-m5C-G-C-U-G-G-T-psi-C-G-m1A -U-U-C-C-G-G-C-U-C-G-A-A-G-G-A-C-C-AOH. This tyrosine tRNA is 76 nucleotides in length, and contains two hypermodified(More)
The mRNA for a major outer membrane lipoprotein from Escherichia coli was found to hybridize specifically with one of the EcoRI and one of the HindIII restriction endonuclease-generated fragments of total DNA from nine bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae: E. coli, Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhimurium, Citrobacter freundii, Klebsiella(More)
Three members of the chimpanzee TPI (encoding triosephosphate isomerase) gene family, the transcription unit and two processed pseudogenes, have been characterized by genomic blotting and nucleotide sequence analysis. The bona fide TPI gene spans 3.5 kb with seven exons and six introns, and is the first hominoid TPI gene to be completely sequenced. The(More)