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BACKGROUND There is a current need for a reliable prognostic marker for melanoma patients, particularly those with stage 2 and stage 3 disease, so that adjuvant therapies can be directed appropriately. OBJECTIVES To establish whether or not the use of tyrosinase-specific or melanA/MART-1-specific reverse transcriptase-coupled-polymerase chain reaction(More)
The effect of retinoic acid pretreatment on metastatic B16 melanoma cell adhesion in serum-free medium to tissue culture plastic precoated with fibronectin, laminin/nidogen, type I and type IV collagen was examined. Both control cells grown to subconfluence and cells treated with 10(-6) M-retinoic acid adhered and spread rapidly on fibronectin (greater than(More)
The effect of pentoxifylline on B16 melanoma cell lung colonization, synthesis and properties of glycosaminoglycans (GAGS), and adhesion to and degradation of subendothelial extracellular matrix was examined. Pentoxifylline inhibited cell growth, cell numbers being reduced by 50% following incubation for 4 days in the presence of 250 micrograms/ml(More)
The developmental gene PAX 3 is expressed in the early embryo in developing muscle and elements of the nervous system, including the brain. Since no one has investigated the expression of the isoforms of PAX 3 in the neuroectodermal tumors melanoma and small cell lung cancer (SCLC), we have carried out a comprehensive screening for the expression of the(More)
Ultrastructural examination of sweat glands from the human loin before and during heat-induced activity indicated that the sweat is formed from the contents of disrupted cells as well as from the products of secretion. The principal secretory processes appear to be fluid transport and exocytosis of vesicles. However, configurations suggesting microapocrine(More)
We have previously shown that avirulent but replication-competent herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1716 causes cell death in human melanoma cell lines in vitro and selectively replicates in melanoma tissue in nude mice. We now present a pilot study of intratumoral injection of HSV1716 into subcutaneous nodules of metastatic melanoma in five patients with stage 4(More)
The effect of retinoic acid on murine B16 melanoma cell growth, tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis was investigated. Retinoic acid inhibited the growth of B16F1, B16F10 and B16BL6 melanoma cells, but enhanced melanin synthesis only in the B16F1 cells. The B16F10 and B16BL6 cells exhibited retinoic acid-induced suppression of tyrosinase activity and(More)
Although great advances have been made in recent years in understanding the interactions between tumour cells and their environment, we still do not fully understand the complex mechanisms involved in the steps by which in situ malignancy becomes invasive and then metastatic. To complete the various steps of the pathway to metastatic malignancy, melanoma(More)