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Thirty-six patients with benign meningioma were treated for primary or recurrent disease by subtotal resection and external beam irradiation from 1968-1986 at Massachusetts General Hospital. Comparison is made with 79 patients treated by subtotal surgery alone from 1962-1980. Progression-free survival for 17 patients irradiated after initial incomplete(More)
The rates of survival, tumor recurrence, and tumor progression were analyzed in 225 patients with meningioma who underwent surgery as the only treatment modality between 1962 and 1980. Patients were considered to have a recurrence if their studies verified a mass effect in spite of a complete surgical removal, whereas they were defined as having progression(More)
PURPOSE To determine in a prospective randomized trial the effect on survival, progression-free survival, and patterns of relapse of a decrease in the neuraxis radiation dose from 3,600 cGy in 20 fractions to 2,340 cGy in 13 fractions in patients with newly diagnosed medulloblastoma between 3 and 21 years of age with low T stage (T1, T2 and T3A), minimal(More)
From January 1962 to May 1979, 23 patients with biopsy-proved intramedullary spinal cord tumors were treated initially with total resection, subtotal resection, irradiation, or subtotal resection and irradiation. Local control was achieved in 1/2 patients after total resection, 1/3 after subtotal resection, 8/9 after subtotal resection and radiation(More)
The clinical features, pathologic findings and treatment courses of eight adults with central nervous system small-cell neuronal tumors were reviewed. Five patients had central neurocytomas, two patients central nervous system neuroblastomas, and one patient a neurocytoma-like spinal cord tumor. The neurocytomas were intraventricular, moderately cellular(More)
Thirteen patients with primary lymphoma of the central nervous system (CNS) were treated with high-dose intravenous methotrexate (MTX), 3.5 gm/sq m, followed by calcium leucovorin rescue, at 3-week intervals, for three cycles. Eleven patients subsequently received radiation therapy to the whole brain, 30 to 44 Gy. Before radiation therapy, eight patients(More)
Little is known of the molecular genetic mechanisms contributing to meningioma tumor progression. We evaluated a total of 26 clinical cases of meningioma: twenty three patients with meningioma treated at our institution between 1978 and 1990 and three asymptomatic cases found initially at autopsy. In addition, histologically normal meninges obtained at(More)
High-dose 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) infusion into the internal carotid artery following cranial irradiation in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme is accompanied by evidence of leukoencephalopathy in a significant number of patients. In an attempt to avoid this problem, a phase I trial was performed using intracarotid BCNU infusion(More)
Proton-beam radiation therapy has been developed for the treatment of chordomas or sarcomas of bone or soft tissue that abut the central nervous system. The authors report the results of treatment of 10 patients, six with chordoma, three with chondrosarcoma, and one with a neurofibrosarcoma. Local control has been achieved for all patients (with, however,(More)
The prognostic value of tumor proliferative indices in meningiomas was assessed by mitotic counts and by immunocytochemistry using a monoclonal antibody against the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) (clone 19A2), a 36-kd nuclear protein involved in DNA synthesis. Sixty-three intracranial meningiomas were classified as benign (26), with atypical(More)